Genetic types, human impact and protection of Hungarian Karsts

Bárány-Kevei, Ilona: Genetic types, human impact and protection of Hungarian Karsts. In: Acta climatologica, (38-39). pp. 17-23. (2005)

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There are two major types of Hungarian karsts: Transdanubian type and Aggtelek type. The Transdanubian type consists of those karsts that were significantly affected by tectonic movements and they are faulted into blocks of limestone and dolomite. Surface features in these karsts are scarce, only a few dolines and gorges are present, and karrenfields are the most typical features. The Aggtelek type karsts are tectonically less disturbed and usually characterized by typical karst features. From an environmental point of view, karsts belong to the most sensitive areas. Landscape transformation in the karst environment started with the appearance of early humans. Early man gathered firewood from the karsts, thus the deforestation of karst regions began. Later human activity modified karst formation due to agricultural activity on the one hand and by industry on the other. In Hungary two karst areas (Bükk- and Aggtelek Mts.) have been designated as national parks, and some are nature reserves. The Law on the Protection of Nature (1996) declared all the springs, dolines, caves, endemic flora and fauna protected. We can say that the karst areas of Hungary are mostly under protection but we still have some conflicts between nature protection and landuse on the karsts.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta climatologica
Date: 2005
Volume: 38-39
ISSN: 0563-0614
Page Range: pp. 17-23
Language: angol
Uncontrolled Keywords: Földrajztudomány
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 23. p.; Összefoglalás; Summary
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 14:10
Last Modified: 2018. Jun. 04. 12:56

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