Petrography and petrochemistry of Wadi Kareim iron-bearing formation, Eastern Desert, Egypt

Niazy E. A. and El Bakry A. and Kamel O. A.: Petrography and petrochemistry of Wadi Kareim iron-bearing formation, Eastern Desert, Egypt. In: Acta mineralogica-petrographica, (26) 2. pp. 187-205. (1984)

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The petrography of the Precambrian iron-bearing formation at Wadi Kareim proved that the formation consists of the following regionally metamorphosed rock types of the greenschist fades; 1. Graywackes (mainly volcanic grading to volcanic breccias, normal greywackes are less common). 2. Schists (chlorite, chlorite-calciie, and actinolite-epidote) 3. Volcanics (keratophyres, quartz-keratophyres, spiliies. spilitic diabase and diabase). 4. Pyroclastics (lithoclastic and crystal tuffs, lapilli tulTs — mainly spilitic in composition). The petrographic study iscorporatcd with the results of eight new chemical analyses, representing the different rock types. The analysis of the basic metavolcanic is similar to the average world spilite, and that of the acid metavolcanic is comparable to the aphanitic keratophyre (Schirmecktype) of the preorogenic Hercynian volcanics of Western Europe. The recently suggested Al/3—K versus Al/3 -Na and Si/3—(Na + K. 2Ca/3) versus K <Na + + Ca) diagrams, the FMA and Na—K.—Ca diagrams are adopted for the petrochemical presentation of the chemical data. It is suggested that most rock types either have a composition comparable lo basalts or spilitic mineral assemblages. This mostly reflects the primary link of the spilitic rock with other volcanic and pyroclastic rocks, particularly keratophyres. The only exception, is the chlorite schist which has a composition similar to shales.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta mineralogica-petrographica
Date: 1984
Volume: 26
Number: 2
ISSN: 0365-8066
Page Range: pp. 187-205
Language: English
Publisher: University of Szeged, Department of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kőzettan, Ásványtan, Földtan
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 204-205. ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.05. Earth and related environmental sciences
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 17. 09:25
Last Modified: 2022. Jul. 26. 09:46

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