Feledésre ítélt reformok? : az MDP KV 1956. júliusi ülése és a "tiszta lap" politikájának néhány történeti problémája

Bencsik, Péter: Feledésre ítélt reformok? : az MDP KV 1956. júliusi ülése és a "tiszta lap" politikájának néhány történeti problémája. Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : acta historica, (129). pp. 111-137. (2009)

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Mátyás Rákosi, first secretary of the Hungarian Workers' Party, was forced to resign by soviet Politburo member Anastas Mikoyan on 18th July, 1956. He was followed by Ernő Gerő, who was also a hated man, responsible for all economic decisions in earlier years and taking part in a leadership which had committed serious crimes. He remained in power for three months only, until the October 1956 Revolution. Although Gerő announced political reforms, historians regard it only as a tactical step. This study suggests that these reforms, named „clear sheet", or „tabula rasa" policy, were in fact serious steps toward a „socialist democracy". What is more, these steps were not only announced but many of them was also taken. However, three months were not enough for Gerő to introduce all changes, because he was also engaged in neutralizing the activity of the party opposition lead by Imre Nagy's group. The study analyzes these reforms (e.g. increasing the role of the National Assembly, restoring the „socialist legality", decentralization, improving the living standards of the society, broadening the freedom of speech, giving greater support to the intellectuals etc.). To sum up, it can be stated that these reforms have a lot in common with the reforms of Imre Nagy in 1953. Surprisingly, it seems that the so-called „soft dictatorship" would have started much earlier, already in 1956, instead of 1963. The later reforms of János Kádár, introduced gradually in the 1960s (and sometimes only in the 1980s) probably originated also from this period of time, the Summer of'56. This study has much more questions than answers, its aim is to generate a new debate on Gerő's first secretariat hoping that a better understanding of this period can be reached. The most important questions are the following: why did the Revolution exacdy break out; how would it be possible to avoid it and, most interestingly, what would have happened if the Revolution did not break out at all?

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : acta historica
Date: 2009
Volume: 129
Page Range: pp. 111-137
ISSN: 0324-6965
Language: magyar
Uncontrolled Keywords: Történelemtudomány, Magyarország történelme, Politikatörténet
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben; Ismertetett mű: Péter Bencsik: Forgotten reforms? : the July 1956 session of the central leadership of the Hungarian workers' party and historical problems of the "clear sheet" policy
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 07:56
Last Modified: 2018. Apr. 16. 10:46
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/3027

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