The plant tissue culture collection at the Department of Botany, University of Debrecen

Máthé, Csaba: The plant tissue culture collection at the Department of Botany, University of Debrecen. Acta biologica Szegediensis, (56) 2. pp. 179-182. (2012)

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Abstract

We present a list of tissue culture systems developed at the Department of Botany, University of Debrecen. Several of tissue cultures were developed for the first time in our laboratory. These include micropropagation of Elatine hungarica, callus cultures of several oak genotypes of Hungarian origin and of Crocus species characteristic for the Carpathian Basin. Callus cultures were either organogenic (e.g. Crocus scepusiensis) or embryogenic (Quercus petraea, Galanthus and Crocus species, Phragmites australis). In case of embryogenic cultures, somatic embryos showed either normal, bipolar development (e.g. Crocus heuffelianus, Phragmites australis) or they have lost this bipolarity at the maturation of embryos (C. banaticus, C. sativus,Galanthus). The type of callus is yet to be identified for several cultures (e.g. Plantago lanceolata, Vicia faba). Most of our in vitro cultures proved to have plant regeneration potential. Several of them derived from endangered/ red list plants (Crocus species, Elatine hungarica, Galanthus nivalis), therefore they are suitable for germplasm preservation. Others (Quercus, Phragmites australis) proved to be suitable for stress physiology and/ or cell biology experiments. Cultures such as Crocus sativus or Plantago lanceolata derived from plants of medicinal importance, therefore are of potential pharmacological use.

Item Type: Article
Corporate name: University of Debrecen, Department of Botany
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2012
Volume: 56
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 179-182
ISSN: 1588-385X
Language: angol
Uncontrolled Keywords: Természettudomány, Biológia
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 182. p.; Abstract
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 17. 10:38
Last Modified: 2018. May. 25. 10:43
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/31272

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