A magyar tárgyas igeragozás kialakulásának relatív kronológiájához

M. Korchmáros Valéria: A magyar tárgyas igeragozás kialakulásának relatív kronológiájához. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : sectio ethnographica et linguistica = néprajz és nyelvtudomány = étnografiâ i azykoznanie = Volkskunde und Sprachwissenschaft, (17-18). pp. 161-168. (1974)

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In her paper the author tries to explain the parting of the Hungarian objective pattern of conjugation with the subjective pattern, working from the principle that alongside with the uninflected forms in the 3rd person singular there existed inflected ones, too, already in the Uralic era; but these latter forms had not come into existence by agglutination of some pronouns representing the person of the subject, like the forms of the 1st and 2nd person; but a pronoun — the function of which had been to mark the accusative — adhered to a verb having had no personal suffix until then. According to the author's hypothesis, the second stage in shaping of the two alternative conjugations may have been this: a suffix marking the subject in the 2nd person singular — by analogy of the 3rd person — assumed a semantic content referring to an object in the 3rd person, and so it became inapplicable with intransitive verbs. The reflexive -/- may have remained most freguently in a word-closing situation, then with other types of verbs the tense suffix -sz-\ this may be why just these two could be adapted as suffixes of the 2nd person. The shaping of the objectivesubjective double forms in the case of a subject in the 1st person took place probably later. In finishing the author suggests that any object in the 1st and 2nd person — although they were definite — surely never occurred with verbs conjugated objectively. The natural situation while speaking may have set limits to the expansion of the conjugational system.

Item Type: Article
Other title: On the relative chronology of the development of the Hngarian objective conjugation
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : sectio ethnographica et linguistica = néprajz és nyelvtudomány = étnografiâ i azykoznanie = Volkskunde und Sprachwissenschaft
Date: 1974
Volume: 17-18
ISSN: 0586-3716
Page Range: pp. 161-168
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/37220/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magyar nyelvtörténet - igeragozás
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.02. Languages and Literature
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 07:57
Last Modified: 2022. Sep. 05. 13:14
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/3552

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