Statistical optimalization of α-Amylase production from Penicillium notatum NCIM 923 and kinetics study of the purified enzyme

Ghosh, Priyanka and Das, Arpan and Gayen, Soumi and Mondal, Keshab Chandra and Ghosh, Uma: Statistical optimalization of α-Amylase production from Penicillium notatum NCIM 923 and kinetics study of the purified enzyme. Acta biologica Szegediensis, (59) 2. pp. 179-188. (2015)

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Abstract

In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the production of α-amylase by Penicillium notatum NCIM 923 through solid-state fermentation. The individual and combinational effects of the factors, i.e. substrate amount, initial moisture, fermentation time, temperature and size of inoculum were found to have significant effects on α-amylase production: the optimum values of the tested variables were 5 g, 70%, 94 h, 28 °C and 20%, respectively. The predicted amylase production (2819.24 U/g) was in good agreement with the value measured under optimized surrounding (2810.33 U/g). The molecular mass of purified α-amylase was about 52 kDa. The enzyme activity exhibited its pH optimum between pH 4.6 and 6.6, and it had maximal activity at 50 °C. The apparent Km and Vmax of α-amylase for starch were 4.1 mg/ml and 247.6 μmol/min, respectively. The activation energy (Ea) for starch hydrolysis was found to be 14.133 kJ/mol. The enzyme was thermostable with half-life (t1/2) of 110 min at 80 °C and temperature coefficient (Q10) value of 1.0. Purified enzyme was activated by Ca2+ and inhibited by Hg2+ ions. EDTA also inhibited the enzyme activity, indicating that the purified enzyme is a metalloenzyme.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Acta biologica Szegediensis
Date: 2015
Volume: 59
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 179-188
ISSN: 1588-385X
Language: angol
Heading title: Articles
Uncontrolled Keywords: Penicillium, Mikrobiológia gombák
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 187-188.
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 17. 10:36
Last Modified: 2018. May. 25. 12:38
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/35992

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