Kiszombor veszteségei az elsõ világháborúban az anyakönyvi vizsgálatok alapján

Kőrös, Ákos: Kiszombor veszteségei az elsõ világháborúban az anyakönyvi vizsgálatok alapján. In: Belvedere Meridionale, (30) 1. pp. 35-44. (2018)

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In this paper, I examined how a medium-sized Hungarian village affected by the First World War. I had two questions about the damage. How many casualties did the settlement have during the war? How did the demographic impact of the losses look like in the village? Kiszombor was a Hungarian, Catholic village in the middle of the Great Plain in Hungary between two cities: Szeged and Makó. 4000 people had lived there around the beginning of the 20 th century, most of them made a living lived from agriculture. The village was the center of the Rónay family’s estate. I counted 101 dead in 1916–1920 in the burial registers. Most of them died in 1917. The most common month was the December because the author of the records could not know the exact date of their death. Therefore they used the 31 st of December formula. The deceased distribution by profession or religion is following the rate of the village’s population. The soldiers’ age were between 18 and 48 years, most of the dead (9%) were 31 years old. The majority of the deceased were married. This issue caused the most crucial problem in the village. 10% of the men between 20–60 died in the war; therefore the number of the 0–6 years old population decreased by 35%. The population growth stopped in the 1910s, as the community reached the carrying capacity of the land and stagnation started in the late 1900’s. Although after the war, the growth of the population increased significantly. Naturally, there were slightly more women than men in the village. During the war, this rate increased and reached six percentage points of difference. In 1920 there were 240 more women than men, even though the disparity decreased at the end of the decade. The regional comparison is quite impressive. Looking at settlements in the 30 kilometer radius of Kiszombor. The average loss was 3% of the whole population of Hungary, however Kiszombor’s result is much higher (5%). We can say that one quarter of the population was enlisted and 5% of the population died in the war from this region

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Tanulmányok = Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2018
Volume: 30
Number: 1
ISSN: 2064-5929
Page Range: pp. 35-44
Uncontrolled Keywords: Világháború - 1. - Magyarország - regionális, Kiszombor, Háborús veszteségek - magyarok - 20. sz.
Additional Information: Angol nyelvű összefoglalóval; Bibliogr.: p. 43-44.
Date Deposited: 2018. Oct. 06. 09:03
Last Modified: 2018. Oct. 06. 09:03

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