A magyar rendszerváltás a világpolitikában

Ripp Zoltán: A magyar rendszerváltás a világpolitikában. In: '89 rendszerváltozások Kelet-Európában : konferenciakötet, (5). pp. 13-20. (2010)

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The change of the Hungarian political system, Eastern Europe's transition to democracy, and the break-up of the bipolar world regime can be analysed only within the context of the process of globalisation. At the same time politics also had an important role in the formation of events. The world economic processes of that time could be regarded as the engine of the later changes, since they mostly compelled the changes in the field of world politics too. This lecture attempts to support the notion that the political change in Hungary demonstrated the clearest example of those in the Eastern European countries. This change contains three states: dissolution of the regimes which were in crises, an introduction of new reforms which resulted in faster dissolution, and a political transition achieved through negotiations. The lecture analyses four subjects: first it is looks into the nature of the crisis and the issue of double dependence. Regarding this topic, it clarifies how the economic crisis became a legitimacy crisis for the regimes and resulted in a growing economic dependence on the West and a declining political dependence on Moscow. The next section of the lecture is about Gorbachev's policies in the late Eighties and the failure of his reform strategy. In addition it analyses the impact of domestic conditions in the Soviet Union on world politics, the relation of the Soviet Union and the Western World and the relation of the Soviet Union with its allies. The third part considers the relations between the West and the Hungarian and Polish regimes. Western foreign policy supported the Hungarian and Polish reforms, but after Gorbachev's new policy Western leaders did not engage in confrontation with the Soviet Union and did not support the advancement or the claims of neutral states. Both the change in orientation of Hungarian foreign policy and the increasing success of Hungarian foreign policy are analysed in the last section of the lecture. The transformation of Hungarian foreign policy in the 1980's has three phases: firstly Hungary had a sort of "bridge role" in the dialogue between the East and the West. Later this became the role of Hungary, the most successful „reform country," and finally its acceptance of the Western orientation was the last phase. The most spectacular act of Hungarian foreign policy was the opening of the border for East-German tourists, which had a huge effect on European political life. However, it was a paradox that Hungary was shifted into the background by this brave act because after the German reunification the West did not want Hungary to play a leading role.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: The Hungarian transition in world policy
Journal or Publication Title: '89 rendszerváltozások Kelet-Európában : konferenciakötet
Date: 2010
Volume: 5
ISSN: 1586-8036
Page Range: pp. 13-20
Series Name: Szakkollégiumi füzetek
Language: Hungarian, English
Event Title: Konferencia a rendszerváltozásokról (2009) (Szeged)
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/37407/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Politikai változások - Magyarország - 1989
Additional Information: Összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.06. Political science
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2016. Oct. 15. 11:11
Last Modified: 2022. Jan. 19. 10:58
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/5579

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