Maritime piracy as an international crime in the 21st century

Pászka, Imre Ágoston: Maritime piracy as an international crime in the 21st century. In: Belvedere Meridionale, (30) 4. pp. 96-107. (2018)

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Maritime piracy is an ancient crime which have still not disappeared and, since the mid 90s, we have been living a new golden age of piracy. According to the 2017 annual report of the International Maritime Bureau, 180 piratical incidents happened in that year. Although, piracy arised almost three decades ago, the international community only started dealing with it ten years ago on a dayto-day basis. That is why we can state that it became a ‘real’ international crime in this century. Piracy has always been linked with the Carribean – and it has turned up there again – but there are new hotspots, as well. In the past decade the region of the Gulf of Aden (and mainly the coast of Somalia) was the infamous one, despite the fact that the most reported attacks have been happening in Southeast Asia since the 90s. The Gulf of Guinea is also dangerous and the most violent piratical attacks happen there. Pirates endanger the most important sea trade line all over the world. Last year, according to the Oceans Beyond Piracy foundation, they caused more than $10 billion total cost for the economy in all endangered regions. And, of course, it threatens the lives of the seafarers, as well: according to this report, 19 of them were killed during the attacks. It is clear that the international community has to fight piracy. There are several joint patrols in all of the regions mentioned above, but as effective they can be, they are only symptomatic treatment of the problem. The states have to deal with the criminal accountability of pirates to create a real restraining force to prevent them from committing the crime again.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2018
Volume: 30
Number: 4
ISSN: 2064-5929
Page Range: pp. 96-107
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kalózkodás - 20-21. sz., Kalózkodás - nemzetközi jog
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 105-107. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jan. 25. 13:28
Last Modified: 2019. Jan. 25. 13:28

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