Emergence of new branches of statistics : science, technology and innovation statistics

Inzelt, Annamária: Emergence of new branches of statistics : science, technology and innovation statistics. Proceedings of the Challenges for Analysis of the Economy, the Businesses, and Social Progress : International Scientific Conference Szeged, November 19-21, 2009. pp. 13-28. (2010)

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Abstract

Statistical information and its analysis are key factors in any kind of decision-making process. In response to modern society’s increasing demand for information, new branches of statistics must be developed in order to provide decision-makers with detailed and timely information. One of the relatively young branches of statistics, only one century old, is the branch of science, technology and innovation (STI) statistics. This paper focuses on the emergence and development of science, technology and innovation (STI) statistics that has resulted in internationally harmonised norms, classification and comparable time series. STI indicator development is an ongoing process. In the 21st century, it is critical to improve measures for the internationalisation of STI in order to provide new tools for policymaking and evaluation. This process requires additional internationally comparable databanks as well as a better understanding of currently unmeasured factors in the STI internationalisation process. The first section of this paper gives a short overview of the background leading up to the emergence of STI statistics. The second section focuses on the new epoch: the post-war period when demand, actors and speed of development in STI statistics changed significantly. These changes resulted from the recognition of the importance of scientific policy, which created the need for research and development indicators. The third section gives a detailed account of international comparability, an area which gained importance as competition between nations as well as the internationalisation of research and development (R&D) activities both created a strong demand for internationally comparable indicators. The OECD played an important role in this process that lead to the creation of the Frascati Family manuals and internationally comparable time-series. The adoption of OECD standards in a transition economy, namely in Hungary, is described in the fourth section, while the final section gives some concluding notes.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Challenges for Analysis of the Economy, the Businesses, and Social Progress : International Scientific Conference Szeged, November 19-21, 2009
Date: 2010
Page Range: pp. 13-28
ISBN: 978-963-06-9558-9
Uncontrolled Keywords: Statisztika
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 27-28. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Apr. 24. 09:39
Last Modified: 2019. Apr. 24. 11:53
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/57792

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