Analysis of dairy farms’ efficiency by using data envelopment analysis (DEA)

Gál, Tímea: Analysis of dairy farms’ efficiency by using data envelopment analysis (DEA). In: Proceedings of the Challenges for Analysis of the Economy, the Businesses, and Social Progress : International Scientific Conference Szeged, November 19-21, 2009. pp. 433-439. (2010)

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Abstract

In Hungary the dairy sector is in a long-term critical period, the stock has been in constant decline. The consumption of milk and dairy products in Hungary is slightly rising compared to the world tendency, and it is fallen behind the level in 1990. The milk consumption per capital in 2006 was 75 litres less than the EU-15 average. Dairy enterprise is a very risky activity: the profitability of the enterprise is affected by the fluctuation of feed and animal health products prices from the side of inputs, and by the fluctuation of end-product prices. Under these circumstances it is vital for the cattle breeders, in order to survive, to harness the reserves in the breeding as effectively as possible. In our research I made a multi-faceted efficiency analysis of an agricultural holding’s three dairy farms. The chosen method for the analysis was Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The selection of the method is justified by the fact that there is not such a reliable database by which I could define production functions, and that DEA makes possible to manage several inputs and outputs, i.e. multiple decision problems, simultaneously. By using DEA the sources that causes shortfalls can be identified, analyzed and quantified on farms that does not operate efficiently, thus it can help the corporate decision support successfully. In the model inputs are the cost data per one litre milk – feed, medicinal product use, logistic cost -, and the main parameters concerning the keeping and rearing. Outputs are indicators concerning milk production, milk quality and others. I prepared the model in MS Excel, the linear programming model series were programmed by Visual Basic. After solving the model, in light of the shadow prices we can determine why either of the farms is not efficient.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Proceedings of the Challenges for Analysis of the Economy, the Businesses, and Social Progress : International Scientific Conference Szeged, November 19-21, 2009
Date: 2010
ISBN: 978-963-06-9558-9
Page Range: pp. 433-439
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/57418/
Uncontrolled Keywords: DEA elemzés, Hatékonyság, Szarvasmarha-ágazat - Magyarország
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 438-439. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Apr. 24. 13:56
Last Modified: 2020. Apr. 14. 14:45
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/57816

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