Savariából jöttek = They came from Savaria

Agócs, Nándor: Savariából jöttek = They came from Savaria. Belvedere Meridionale, (31) 1. pp. 101-128. (2019)

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Abstract

Around one hundred inscriptions were recovered outside Pannonia mentioning people originating from Savaria. It is quite an abundant source group considsering there are currently 247 inscriptions that were recovered on Savarian territory. The presence of Savarians is attested earliest in the twin legions, the legio I Adiutrix and the legio II Adiutrix. These two legions recruited mainly from cities founded by Emperor Claudius and were transferred in Flavian times to Germania and Britannia respectively. Soldiers who were subsequently transferred to the cohors XIII urbana (and plausibly to the cohors X urbana) as a grant, likely merited their awards in these provinces. After the 1st century AD no Pannonian recruits are known in the cohortes urbanae. In the Flavian era, possibly from AD 71 onwards, Savarian citizens enlisted to the legio XV Apollinaris stationed at that time in Carnuntum. The unit was led east in AD 113 with the last group of Savarian conscripts. At the end of the 1st century AD several Savarians lived in Rome, who served in the newly established ranks of the equites singulares Augusti. By Emperor Hadrian’s reign the latest several Savarians are attested amongst the officers of the cohortes praetoriae. From the second half of the 2nd century AD we find a handful of Savarians amongst legionary centurions and equestrian military officers as well. Part of the Savarian recruits certainly enlisted in the legiones Adiutrices during the course of the 2nd century AD. It was most likely a result of the campaigns of these legions that Savarians are attested in Africa and from the ascension of Emperor Septimius Severus, in Rome. In the Severus era numerous Savarians are attested in the ranks of the cohortes praetoriae and the legio II Parthica, yet their numbers decline amongst the equites singulares. The Savarians who are the subject of this study are mostly descendants of the veterans who established Savaria, themselves being soldiers as well. The majority of civilians leaving Pannonia where following their recruited family member.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2019
Volume: 31
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 101-128
ISSN: 2064-5929
Heading title: Tanulmányok = Studies
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14232/belv.2019.1.7
Uncontrolled Keywords: Szombathely története - ókor
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 123-128. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. May. 31. 09:22
Last Modified: 2019. Jun. 04. 13:40
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/58460

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