Dél-alföldi regionális ifjúsági helyzetelemzés 2005 : kutatás közben

Jancsák, Csaba and Tarnay, István and Vajda, Árpád and Závogyán, Magdolna: Dél-alföldi regionális ifjúsági helyzetelemzés 2005 : kutatás közben. ISBN 963 219 656 2

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Abstract

As a part of the second National Development Plan concerning the period between 2007 and 2012 several planning procedures of great importance are proceeding, for which the „Hálózat a Szabad Információért Alapítvány” [Network for Free Information Foundation], „Duna-Körös Maros-Tisza Eurorégió Ifjúsági Szövetsége” [Youth Alliance of the Euroregion Danube-Kris Mures-Tisa], „Európai Ifjúsági Kutató-, Szervezetfejlesztõ és Kommunikációs Központ” (EIKKA) [European Youth Centre of Research, Organisation Development and Communication] and the „Mobilitás Dél-alföldi Regionális Ifjúsági Szolgáltató Irodája” (DARISZI) [Youth Service Office of Mobility in the Region Southern Great-Plain] have established a research consortium, and it has taken up the job to analyse the situation of the youth in the region with the cooperation of youth experts of the region. One of the most important goals of the research was to achieve that the problems and chances that were discovered during the situation analysis shall be presented in the planning procedures in a systematized way. This way we would have liked to achieve – in a broader sense – that the civil organisations, local governments, institutions and experts that deal with the youth obtain more help and resources in the future so that they could manage their job, which enables the generation that is growing up to responsibly form their own future. The situation analysis was carried out partly by second-analysing the relevant literature, database and statistics, furthermore, by using the results of the great model youth research called Ifjúság 2000 [Youth 2000] and Ifjúság 2004 [Youth 2004], while the questionnaire regarding the local youth work and the youth civil scenario was carried out by the help of the EIKKA and the DARISZI. In addition to the sociological analysis, we intended to outline the problems, principles and the opinion and ideas of the experts that are relevant to the science of youth just right at the beginning. In order to achieve this goal, the situation analysis was expanded by the outlined main problems, by the break-out points and by a regional youth SWOT-analysis, which was carried out by 50 experts from all three counties of the region (employees at local governments, youth referents, representatives of the Harmonizing Forum for Drug Affairs, free-time organizers, regional planners, researchers). As a result of this, the analysis of the situation of the youth in this region has pointed out that the processes relating to the youth are similar to the social changes that are proceeding in the European Union in this field. The aging society, the expanded time spent studying, the higher number of young people that study, and on the other hand, the lower number of the active young people who are employed, the requirements of the labour market, the youth education, the vulnerability regarding the labour market and free-time, the disappointment about the institutional system and the fact that the young people have explicitly turned away from playing an active role in public life put the Member states of the European Union to redefine the governmental actions in connection with the youth in the so called „White Paper on Youth Policy”. The features of the region Southern Great Plain that are outlined in the analysis show warning results that the young people in this region are in a worse situation in more fields as compared to the youth in the other regions of the country. The study points out the higher number of students by presenting the situation of the young people in this region, which affects the other dimensions that were examined, resulting in the lower number of the active young people who work and the increasing number of young students. It can be said that the situation of the young people has deteriorated in general, because they are in a worse situation regarding their financial state and their living facilities than four years ago. In addition, the number of the youth unemployed has been increasing. The change in the living facilities points out that it is more and more difficult for a young person to get a flat; however, the increase in the number of students might have caused the above-mentioned changes, as well. Especially in order to be able study in the higher education, students have to move into another town, and this fact may be a reason for the decline in the number of young people who own a flat or who live with their parents. The young people do not have more free-time, even though the number of the students has increased. This shows that a kind of competition has developed in the education and on the labour market, which forces the students to train themselves outside the formalized educational system, too, which they do in their free-time. On the basis of the experience obtained in connection with applications aiming at this sector it can be stated that there is an extremely huge demand for programme financing, for the assets development as well as for the specific and camp ones among the programmes. We have found that the demand was the hugest in relation to these goals, and similar demands must be expected to appear on the part of the organisations dealing with child and youth policy. It can be stated that the civil base of the Southern Great Plain Region is in general quite strong and motivated, which is confirmed by the information and data obtained from the operation and the applications of the „Mobilitás” [Mobility] and the „Nemzeti Civil Alapprogram” (NCA) [National Civil Base-programme], and the regional differences were obviously characteristic in this field, as well. However, no solution can be achieved without a regional action-development plan, without the stronger and network-like cooperation of the service system of the youth scenario and without state resources. In this cooperation it is indisputable that it is high time that the so called national and international model projects (in addition, on the basis thereof) developed, stimulated and gave an impulse. The „adults” shall take the representatives of the youth scenario into the working-out of the plans, actually the youth itself. (In this thematic, the fields of the development cannot be limited to the scenario of tourism and free-time.) The up-to-date infrastructure of the office that carries out the regional youth service tasks is more or less satisfactory; however, the cubage raises some problems, first of all the demand for space (demand for room), and it is a really urgent task to solve this problem (there is no training room, no adequately established room for dealing with and informing the clients, and considering the actual office place structure it is almost impossible to establish these rooms). The professional development orientation according to which the youth service offices (local and regional) operate could be determined by establishing a more intensive contact system with the so called Civil Service Centres [Civil Szolgáltató Központ], the Tele-houses [Teleház] and the municipal local governments, that is, by becoming a coordinating participant in the local youth work (role of a catalyzer). In order to achieve all this, the local governments (on the level of the committees, the general assembly and the mayor) and the representatives of the politics should pay attention to both the youth in organisations and outside an organisation, to provide the adequate and permanent resources, the application opportunities that one can plan and compute, furthermore, to establish and to develop the missing community rooms. By analysing the organisational structure of the youth policy of the local governments it can be stated that there is a great difference between the municipalities on the basis of the type of the municipality. In the big municipalities the organisational frameworks of youth policy are better established. However, the high number of the municipalities that do not plan to establish their youth policy concepts was rather astonishing. It can be assumed that the local governments cannot spend the required energy and time establishing the organisational frameworks of their youth policy, a concept for youth policy in the lack of financial resources. This is also confirmed by the fact that less than 50 % of those local governments provide financial support for youth policy governments that operate within the territory thereof. In general it can be stated that the organisational frameworks of youth policy and the level on which its concepts are established has not reached the WesternEuropean level yet. The experts of the youth in this region have divided the field of youth into two major types of problems. On one hand, there is a lack of regulations that define the regulation more unambiguously than the law does it at the moment how the local governments shall carry out their tasks related to youth policy. On the other hand, the profession concerning the youth is not well-known and acknowledged to a small extent, and the ability of the profession to represent its interests is not of great importance. Among the break-out points defined in the situation analysis we would like to highlight the importance of involving the young people and the people dealing with the youth in the local society development processes, supporting the organisations and experts that establish an atmosphere which stimulates international mobility and studying outside the educational system. Special areas within the region are the young people living in the suburbanizing municipalities, on the detached farms in the country and in the lower part of the Danube. Joining the most important break-out point of the Southern Great Plain region, it is important for the profession dealing with the youth, as well, to catalyze the cooperation in the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa Euroregion.

Item Type: Book
Publication full: Dél-alföldi regionális ifjúsági helyzetelemzés 2005
Date: 2005
Page Range: pp. 1-88
ISBN: 963 219 656 2
Gyűjtemény: Belvedere Meridionale kötetek
Publisher: Hálózat a Szabad Információért Alapítvány
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14232/belvbook.2005.58497
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ifjúságszociológia - Magyarország - 2000-es évek - regionális
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 85. p. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. May. 15. 12:44
Last Modified: 2019. Jun. 19. 09:48
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/58497

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