A jogászság szerepe a jogi népéletkutatásban, 1939-1948

Nagy, Janka Teodóra: A jogászság szerepe a jogi népéletkutatásban, 1939-1948. Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (8) 1. pp. 177-202. (2018)

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Abstract

The unique chapter in the research of ethno-judicial life between 1939-1948 deserves particular attention not only in Hungarian legal science (legal history, legal culturehistory, legal theory), but in the fields of ethnography, sociology and anthropology as well. Although rather belated compared to European researches of legal custom with a view to national lawmaking, it became part of the codification process of private law in relation to Hungary’s legal development. Folk legal custom research between 1939-1948 was carried out in relation to the economic, social as well as legal processes of civilization in Hungary. Its background was provided by judicial governmental preparatory activities in the early 20th century. The researches carried out before 1943 supported by the Ministry of Justice involved altogether 82, while during the whole research period a total of 120 magistrates, lawyers, public notaries, judicial employees, as well as university lecturers and researchers. As the primary aim of research was to lay the foundation of national lawmaking initiated in Europe from the second half of the 19th century, the researches involving 340 settlements mainly focused on the specific characteristics of Hungarian ethno-judicial life: 85% of the collected information covered Hungarians, with the rest related to German, Romanian, Ruthenian, Slovakian, Sorbian or gypsy nationalities and ethnic groups. The publication of the outcomes of the now unrepeatable researches continues to date. The aim of the study is to draw attention to the legal practitioners participating in the research of practical outcomes considered useful in terms of lawmaking and law administration, involving researchers with legal training using legal knowledge and ethnographical methods. (György Bónis, Ernő Tárkány Szücs, László Papp, J. Miklós Hofer, Pál Quiricó, dr. Imre Gaál, Imre Szabó, Andor Csizmadia and Zoltán György Tóth). Presently the source materials collected by various members of the legal service and judicial employees between 1939-1948 are invaluable to numerous disciplines. Folk legal custom research, which in itself contributed to the development of professional careers in legal service, owes equal thanks to both its outstanding researchers and its humble participants.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The lawyers in the Hungarian folk legal custom research, 1939-1948
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2018
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 177-202
ISSN: 2063-2525
Uncontrolled Keywords: Jogtudomány
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jul. 22. 09:47
Last Modified: 2019. Jul. 22. 09:47
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/61931

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