A szocialista igazságszolgáltatás pártirányításának történetéhez

Révész, Béla: A szocialista igazságszolgáltatás pártirányításának történetéhez. Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (8) 1. pp. 255-281. (2018)

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Abstract

The communist state is a state that is usually administered and governed by a single party representing the proletariat, often guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism. Communist states can be cotrolled and administered by a single, centralised party apparatus. These states are usually termed by Marxists as dictatorships of the proletariat, or dictatorships of the working class, whereby the working class is the ruling class of the country, in contrast to capitalism, whereby the bourgeoisie is the ruling class. After the World War II. Hungary had a one-party totalitarian regime. The formal structure of the Hungarian state was adapted to the Soviet model. The Communist Party (Hungarian Workers' Party 1948-1956, Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 1956-1989) also influenced – partly by the Ministry of Justice – the judicial decisions in both direct and indirect ways. Party groups within the courts enforce Party discipline and the Party approves judicial appointments and personnel decisions. Judges conscious of these control mechanisms are conditioned to watch for changes in Party policy in carrying out their work. The Party exercises direct influence in individual cases through the Political Committees at each level of court of justice. Party supervised and direct the work of state legal institutions, including the courts. Party are typically staffed by court presidents, the heads of law enforcement agencies, officials of the justice ministry or bureau, and other legal organs. In these courts, judges were not independent and faced multiple lines of dependency on political authorities at the same level of government and on vertical superiors, including constant evaluation. Although Party focus primarily on ideological matters, they can influence the outcome of cases, particularly when the case is sensitive or important. One must admit that, in this period the role of judicial review as an instrument for protection of constitutional rights of individuals is, so far, rather symbolic.The court system was designed to ensure party control of judicial decisions at all levels untill the regime change in 1989.

Item Type: Article
Other title: To the history of the party control of the socialist justice
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2018
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 255-281
ISSN: 2063-2525
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magyarország története - 20. sz., Igazságszolgáltatás - Magyarország - 20. sz., Belpolitika - Magyarország - 20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jul. 23. 08:34
Last Modified: 2019. Jul. 23. 08:34
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/61935

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