Megjegyzések Nagymartoni Pál királyi országbíró pályájához és működéséhez, 1328-1349

Almási, Tibor: Megjegyzések Nagymartoni Pál királyi országbíró pályájához és működéséhez, 1328-1349. Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (8) 2. pp. 3-34. (2018)

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Abstract

Pál Nagymartoni played a crucial role in the royal system of jurisdiction in the 14. Century. Once King Charles I. had eliminated the fragmentation of his country by force of arms, he implemented institutional reforms in the 1320s. To this end, he restored the single royal jurisdiction lead by the Lord Chief Justice (iudex curiae regiae), who replaced the Ruler. In the first phase of consolidation in the country, Sándor Köcski held this office and after his death, his brother-in-law, Pál Nagymartoni was handed this honour. He fulfilled his position for 21 years, and during this period the institutional structure of the Lord Chief Justice Office gained strength. He developed a court of justice capable of taking measures in the whole territory of the kingdom in an effective, coherent and balanced way, which had jurisdiction primarily over land-related issues of noblemen. Regarding evidence forms, material evidence came into prominence as opposed to formal ones and an especially great focus was given to considering the certifying force of certificates. In the period under discussion, the rules of procedural law became a lot more sophisticated, and their consistent application was rigorously supervised in legal procedures. In increasingly complicated legal proceedings the administration focused more and more on formality, and legal formalism became explicitly and substantially far-reaching. A substantial amount of legal documents, more than three thousand certificates remained from the period when Pál Nagymartoni fulfilled the role of Lord Chief Justice. The study seeks to discuss the working life of the Lord Chief Justice and gives full details about the establishment of his family of Aragon origin in Hungary, the date and circumstances of Pál’s entering into office, and his political role occasionally manifested in addition to his activities as the judge. To present his judicial practice, the present study introduces the summary of a complex lawsuit that remained from 1332 and is merely available in a manuscript form. It also publishes the version of the Latin text of the certificate prepared for the purpose of the present study. This source is of utmost historiographic significance not only for the accurate illustration of the applied rules of procedure, but because it includes specific information regarding the estates of the castle of data-poor Borsod, which fell into decay early, and that of the contemporary administrative centre.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Notes to the working life and activities of Pál Nagymártoni, Royal lord chief justice, 1328-1349
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2018
Volume: 8
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 3-34
ISSN: 2063-2525
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nagymartoni Pál, Országbírói hivatal - Magyarország - középkor, Legfelsőbb bíróság - Magyarország - 14. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jul. 23. 09:41
Last Modified: 2019. Jul. 23. 09:41
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/61941

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