Az állami közjegyzői intézmény kiépítése és működése, 1950-1956

Rokolya Gábor: Az állami közjegyzői intézmény kiépítése és működése, 1950-1956. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (8) 2. pp. 369-384. (2018)

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The Political Committee of the Central Management of the Hungarian Communist Parties (MDP KV) passed a resolution on the restructuring of the Ministry of Justice on 19 October 1950, and consequently in order to improve the cadre situation. As a result of a collective redundancy fifty-nine notaries were dismissed from the notarial institution that has been reorganized at the beginning of the same year, and concurrently fiftyseven judges and prosecutors were reassigned as notaries. Thus the number of stateemployed notaries was 153 at the beginning of 1951. The political dismissals at the end of 1951 succeeded in removing those judges and notaries, which were targeted as civil elements by the Ministry, or deemed to have held social democratic views. In 1951 further 18 notaries were dismissed. Henceforth, the structure of the notarial staff at the courts was completely changed; they represented a different social class as before. According to the resolution of the Secretariat of the Central Management of the Hungarian Communist Parties passed on 15 April 1953 by 31 May further 230 “hostile elements” had to be removed from the judicial apparatus, which goal was over-achieved by dismissing 244 lawyers. The law students and those who graduated from political academies, who were hired instead of the dismissed judges, prosecutors and notaries were not able to carry on with the cases in merit, whether contentious or non-contentious. Consequently, there was a turn in the cadre policy of the Hungarian Communist Parties regarding the justice system. The judicial dismissals carried out in several waves between the end of 1950 and 1953 resulted in a situation where both the institution and its operators, the notaries, had to be rebuilt. The Ministry of Justice made attempts to provide training for the notaries and improve their position, however such endeavours and ideas were not sufficient and failed to consolidate the situation; also, it was during these times that the view that the activities of the state-employed notaries had a secondary function within the socialist judicial system developed.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The establishment of the notarial institution run by the state and how it operated, 1950-1956
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2018
Volume: 8
Number: 2
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 369-384
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Közjegyzőség története - Magyarország, Közigazgatási jog - magyar - 20. sz., Közigazgatás - Magyarország - 1950-1956
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Jul. 23. 12:54
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 27. 10:58

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