A birkai helyőrség Kárpát-medencei kapcsolatai

Ilés-Muszka, Andrea: A birkai helyőrség Kárpát-medencei kapcsolatai. In: Acta iuvenum : Sectio archaeologica, (4). pp. 77-100. (2019)

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Abstract

The Viking trading town Birka was in the centre of research in the past century and still is, partially because of its contacts with the eastern regions. Due to the recent systematic excavations in the area of the fortifications, the number of the eastern analogies has increased, and more steppe-origin finds have been discovered in the area of Birka’s garrison, launching a new wave of exploration of eastern objects found in the area. The Carpathian Basin was listed as a direct parallel regarding few finds. Therefore, in my research, I collected and compared the 10th century objects found in the Carpathian Basin with the material found in the garrison, supplementing the work of the Swedish archaeologists. As a result, most of the finds listed in the paper are now processed, which have been absent from the domestic scholarship or needed to be complemented. I could also suggest other alternatives to define the function of some decorations from the garrison. After a thorough review of the Hungarian and eastern analogies, I proposed a new sabretache reconstruction with the help of the Birka findings, by which, now all the three types are represented in Scandinavia. In addition to the garrison, I also analysed the material of the cemeteries in Birka, and in the case of burial 1125b not only the objects indicate eastern connection, but also the burial rite, which, however, not only suggests a more serious, long-term interaction between the two regions, but rather that the deceased was a mercenary from the East who lived in Birka in the 10th century and fought along with the Vikings. The large number of eastern weapons and mounts found in the garrison area, just like the aforementioned grave, demonstrates the presence of eastern mercenaries. In my opinion, the possible evidence of the relation between the two regions can be found in the closer investigation of the weapons and warfare, which differs from the Viking warfare, and also in the accessories and ornaments of the archery equipment, rather than the widespread belt sets which can be found everywhere from China to the Carpathian Basin.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Contacts between Birka’s garrison and the Carpathian-Basin
Journal or Publication Title: Acta iuvenum : Sectio archaeologica
Date: 2019
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2064-1222
Page Range: pp. 77-100
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek, Vikingek
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 88-91. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven ; ill.
Date Deposited: 2019. Nov. 19. 13:44
Last Modified: 2019. Nov. 19. 13:44
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/62198

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