Bioarchaeológiai adatok Sárrétudvari-Poroshalom három sírjának társadalomrégészeti megítéléséhez

Kis, Luca: Bioarchaeológiai adatok Sárrétudvari-Poroshalom három sírjának társadalomrégészeti megítéléséhez. In: Acta iuvenum : Sectio archaeologica, (4). pp. 101-118. (2019)

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Abstract

In this paper, results of the bioarchaeological (anthropological, paleopathological, and activity-related) analysis of three skeletons from the Sárrétudvari–Poroshalom cemetery (10th century AD) are presented to find possible relationship between the archaeological and anthropological data. In the skeleton from grave No. 1, traces of injuries resulted from interpersonal violence were described on the skull. Furthermore, entheseal and joint changes, developed due to his physically active life-style (e.g., horse riding and archery), were noted on the postcranial skeleton. The rich gravegoods (e.g., sabre, archery equipment, and ornamented belt) and the activity-related changes (e.g., traumas of the skull) imply that the individual had a leading position in his society, which was completed by military activities, as well. Although the military status of the individual from grave No. 2 (buried with ornamented belt, harness, and archery equipment) is not that clear, the numerous postcranial traumas and asymmetric entheseal and joint changes very likely resulted from physical activity. According to the complex evaluation of the anthropological and archaeological data, we can state that the weapons in their graves represented not only their elite social status but also their military functions. The bioarchaeological evaluation of the individual from grave No. 9 is problematic due to her advanced age and pathological changes (e.g., rheumathoid arthritis). However, it gives us valuable information about the geographical microregion: from the total of 110 graves with horse-riding-related grave goods, it is only the ninth female case. In summary, we can state that complex investigations allow us to take conclusion in certain questions, which cannot be examined in detail with archaeological or anthropological methods alone.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Application of bioarchaeological data in the social reconstruction of three cases from the Sárrétudvari-Poroshalom site
Journal or Publication Title: Acta iuvenum : Sectio archaeologica
Date: 2019
Volume: 4
ISSN: 2064-1222
Page Range: pp. 101-118
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 110-113. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven ; ill.
Date Deposited: 2019. Nov. 19. 13:49
Last Modified: 2019. Nov. 19. 13:49
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/62199

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