A Nándorfehérvár elleni oszmán-török kisostromok, 1490-1494

Szabó, Pál: A Nándorfehérvár elleni oszmán-török kisostromok, 1490-1494. In: Délvidéki szemle, (5) 2. pp. 5-17. (2018)

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The fortress of Belgrade for long time was primary target of the Ottoman conquests. From 1490, after decease of Matthias of Hunyad, king of Hungary, under the reign of Wladislaw II these attacks were not commanded by the Sultan or by the army of the Sultan. Occasionally smaller Ottoman troops tried to besiege this Fortress. I separate these ‘small-sieges’ from ‘greats’ (1440, 1456, 1521), which were always commanded by Sultan. The chronicle of Antonio Bonfini and letters of Peter Varadi mentioned few attempts against Belgrade. My study focuses on these small-sieges, because the Ottomans utilised lack of supply of the Fortress and disturbed the defending system. In winter of 1490 Turks temporarily occupied two bastions. In 1491 was similar action. In 1492 Bayezid II determined to drive a campaign against the Hungarian Kingdom, but finally abandoned his plan. In March of 1494 the defenders almost ceded the Fortress by treason, in August Ali, Pasha of Smederevo took another attempt the occupation of Belgrade. Despite of the newer Ottoman–Hungarian peace treaty in 1495 these small siege attempts showed the vulnerability of this Fortress without any attack of the regular Ottoman army.

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Tudományos közlemények
Journal or Publication Title: Délvidéki szemle
Date: 2018
Volume: 5
Number: 2
ISSN: 2416-223X
Page Range: pp. 5-17
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magyarország története - 15. sz. vége, Nándorfehérvár története - 1490-1494
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a jegyzetekben: p. 15-17. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Nov. 21. 10:27
Last Modified: 2019. Nov. 21. 10:27
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/62264

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