Nagy Britannia és Ausztrália közös atomprogramja 1945-1960 = The nuclear joint project 1945-1960 of Great Britain and Australia

Kornéli, Beáta: Nagy Britannia és Ausztrália közös atomprogramja 1945-1960 = The nuclear joint project 1945-1960 of Great Britain and Australia. Belvedere Meridionale, (31) 2. pp. 153-162. (2019)

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Abstract

Australia was determined to obtain a nuclear weapon after the Second World War. The most obvious solution seemed to collaborate with Britain doing nuclear research in the so-called “joint project”. The British defence planners had been aware of the fact that Great Britain would not survive a forthcoming nuclear attack at the dawn of the cold war and thus, they were in need of their own nuclear weapon. When the MacMahon Act came into force the Government of United States of America rejected the British to continue the joint research in the Manhattan Project and they wanted to retain their sole atom monopoly. They provided the British neither with raw material nor with nuclear technology, furthermore, they were not allowed to participate in the test blasts. Hence, the role of Australia was revalued by the British Government. Several productive intitiatives such as the establishment of the Australian National University, launching the Snowy Mountains project, deployment of the Royal Australian Air Force in Southeast Asia coincided with the joint project. The culmination of the Australian–British cooperation was the atomic blast in 1952 and the decision of the British to contribute to the construction of an Australian nuclear reactor. Nevertheless, the nuclear achievements of the Soviet Union put an end to the so far successful joint project.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2019
Volume: 31
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 153-162
ISSN: 2064-5929
Heading title: Tanulmányok = Studies
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14232/belv.2019.2.9
Uncontrolled Keywords: Együttműködés - nemzetközi - nukleáris biztonságvédelem - 1945-1960
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 162. p. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2019. Oct. 25. 09:31
Last Modified: 2019. Oct. 25. 09:31
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/62864

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