A rojcsai prediálisok a 13-14. században

Szeberényi, Gábor: A rojcsai prediálisok a 13-14. században. In: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok, (7). pp. 291-312. (2012)

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Abstract

One of the most significant generalizations rose in the relevant historiography about topics of the forming processes of the Slavonian nobility during the 13,h-14'h centuries, was connected to the presumed correspondence that supposedly existed between the stratum of the castle-warriors (várjobbágyok), and that members of the lower-rank nobility in Slavonia who are generally called in our sources as praediales. This generalized opinion can be summarized briefly as follows: on the territory of medieval Slavonia, most of the royal „castle lordships"/ ispánates (várispánságok), similarly to the ones existed on the central areas of the Hungarian Kingdom, were handed over to various ecclesiastical and lay landlords during the 13th—14th centuries, but the elites in the micro-society of the various „vanishing" ispánates, i.e. the stratum of castle-warriors, did not cease to exist (unlike their counterparts in Hungary), but most of them were able to keep their special rights and districts, and were converted eventually into a special „castle nobility" (várnemesség) or praedial nobility which was able to keep its social and organizational frames till the end of the Middle Ages, or even beyond. Thus, „the stratum of castle-warriors was transformed into praedial nobility in Slavonia" (P. Engel). In this paper I will discuss the history of the most prominent representative of these groups of „conditional nobility", i. e. the strata of praediales and castlewarriors of Rovi§ce (Rojcsa), with the aim to prove that the presumed relation between castle-warriors and praediales (lived on royal or other lay tenures) in Slavonia during the 13th-14Ul was more complicated and less straightforward than it has been suggested in the historiography. The beginning of the story of the Roviscan praediales in the 13th century, and mainly the huge debate around them in the decades at the turn of the H^-IS" 1 centuries, when this group had been eventually subordinated to lay landholders, has been already discussed in Hungarian and Croatian historiography in detail. However, the events and stories between these turning points have got less attention so far, albeit our data from the 14th century enlighten many aspects which bring us closer to understand the socio-historical processes which accompanied the „vanishing" of the old Slavonian ispánates during the later Middle Ages.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Nobles, Castle-warriors and praediales of Rovišće in the 13th-14th centuries
Heading title: Társadalomtörténet
Journal or Publication Title: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok
Date: 2012
Volume: 7
ISBN: 978-963-306-160-2
Page Range: pp. 291-312
Event Title: Medievisztikai PhD-konferencia (7.) (2012) (Szeged)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Társadalomtörténet - Szlavónia - 13-14. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 309-311. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2020. Feb. 14. 07:38
Last Modified: 2020. Feb. 14. 07:46
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/65344

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