Szlavónia határai a 13-14. században : megjegyzések a Dráva és a Gvozd határszerepének megítéléséhez

Szeberényi, Gábor: Szlavónia határai a 13-14. században : megjegyzések a Dráva és a Gvozd határszerepének megítéléséhez. In: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok, (8). pp. 215-225. (2015)

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In a mere geographical sense, the river Drava and Mount Gozd are treated with ease by Hungarian historiography and historical topography as natural borders of medieval Slavonia. Nevertheless, these two geographical phenomena gave boundaries of "Sclavonia" in a purely political sense during the Middle Ages, thus the way how the meaning and dimensions of its borders evolved requires thorough analysis of the written sources. In the first part of this paper, I try to confute some misconceptions of earlier and recent historiography concerning the reconstructions of the Drava river's role as a political border. Based on the interpretation of papal charters from 1230 and 1232,1 point out that the differentiation between Hungary and Sclavonia was unequivocally defined in the early 1230s at the very latest, yet these sources are insufficient to give any hint to define the early boundaries between Hungary and Croatia centuries earlier. The second half of the paper deals with the reconstruction problems of the exact location of "mount Gozd" (mostly unknown in the Hungarian historiography). With the analysis of sporadic information about the border mountain in charters and narrative sources, I emphasize the importance of geographical perspectives of our sources (Croatian and Hungarian/"Sclavonian", respectively), and I also suggest the necessity of taking some definite institutional/legal facts into consideration. These factors together might support the idea that the structural (legal, institutional, and even social) "border" between Hungary (Sclavonia) and Croatia laid in the so-called "Cordun region" next to the river Korana (between the Kapelas and Petrova gora). This observation indicates that "mount Gozd" in our sources as the Southern border of Slavonia is not an exact natural formation, but a political concept: a metaphor of structural differences.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The boundaries of Sclavonia in the 13th-14th centuries : remarks on the border roles of river Drava and mount Gvozd
Heading title: Történeti földrajz
Journal or Publication Title: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok
Date: 2015
Volume: 8
ISBN: 978-963-315-242-3
Page Range: pp. 215-225
Event Title: Medievisztikai PhD-konferencia (8.) (2013) (Szeged)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Szlavónia története - 13-14. sz., Történeti földrajz - Szlavónia - 13-14. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 223-224. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2020. Feb. 14. 14:09
Last Modified: 2020. Feb. 14. 14:09

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