Gondolatok a De administrando imperio besenyő-képéről és a kelet-európai erőviszonyokról a 9. század végétől a 11. század közepéig

Kiss, Máté: Gondolatok a De administrando imperio besenyő-képéről és a kelet-európai erőviszonyokról a 9. század végétől a 11. század közepéig. In: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok, (10). pp. 311-330. (2018)

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Abstract

The De Administrando Imperio (DAI), written about 950, is one of the most important sources for the early medieval history of Eastern Europe. Its main goal is to provide information for the next emperor, Romanos, about peoples threatening the Byzantine Empire from the North and the possible diplomatic answers to deal with the problem. According to DAI, the only solution against the Rus', Magyar and Bulgarian threats is the Pechenegs, a warlike and powerful nomadic people which had already defeated these aforementioned peoples in the past and thus were afraid of them. Hence it was always worth for the Byzantine Emperor keeping a good relationship with the Pechenegs and using them against his potential enemies. The aim of this paper is to scrutinize the validity of this Pecheneg-image and the foreign policy concept written in the DAI. Comparing different statements of the DAI with other written sources, we may come to the fol-lowing main conclusions: The Pecheng—Byzantine alliance and the use of this nomadic people against the Empire's enemies are not as self-evident as the DAI suggests. The Pechenegs could not deter the Rus' and the Magyars from attacking the Empire. The Rus', during the second half of the 10th Century, had become a decisive power as well as one of the most (if not the most) important partner for the Byzantine Empire in Eastern Europe.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Some thoughts on the pecheneg-image of the De Administrando Imperio and the balance of military power in Eastern Europe late 9th - mid-11th centuries
Heading title: Steppetörténet
Journal or Publication Title: Középkortörténeti tanulmányok
Date: 2018
Volume: 10
ISBN: 978-963-315-376-5
Page Range: pp. 311-330
Event Title: Medievisztikai PhD-konferencia (10.) (2017) (Szeged)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kárpát-medence népei - 9-11. sz., Besenyők története - 9-11. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 326-329. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2020. Feb. 17. 13:30
Last Modified: 2020. Feb. 17. 13:30
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/65421

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