A cigányság szociológiai szakirodalma a rendszerváltás utáni Magyarországon

Szűcs, Norbert: A cigányság szociológiai szakirodalma a rendszerváltás utáni Magyarországon. In: Kisebbségszociológia 1990-2002 : bibliográfia és tanulmánygyűjtemény. pp. 65-106. (2003)

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The sociological bibliography of the Hungarian gypsies: The study deals with the sociological bibliography w ritten between 1990-2002 in Hungarian on the gypsy ethnic minority in Hungary. Here, I present the beginning of the gypsy-researches, the history of research in sociological gypsy-studies, and finally I give the main topics of the sociological researches on the gypsies conducted in the 1990's, just as well the definition of the gypsies, their demographical data, territorial distribution, differ¬ences within the gypsy-population their employees and financial situation, their education and the criminology concerning them, prejudices against them. The gypsies are the most disadvantaged ethnic minority in the H ungarian society, they are hit by both, social and cultural disadvantages.In the 1990’s several researches were carried out in order to evaluate the size of the gypsy population living in Hungary. D uring the conceptualisation a polemic evolved about the definition, among the researchers, that is known as the ‘who is a gypsy - a debate’ in the sociological literature. According to István Kemény and his colleagues is the percent¬age of the gypsies in the entire H ungarian population is 4,7%; while according to Iván Szelényi and his colleagues the rate among the population between the ages 20-70 is 3,9% (further 1,2% is uncertain).On the basis of their native language the H ungarian gypsies can be divided in 3 basic groups: the ‘romungros’ are Hungarian speakers, (89,5% of the gypsies according to Kemény's research in 1993), the "Beas gypsies" (5,5%) and the ‘vlach-gypsies’ (4,7%). Among these groups and further subgroups significant differences exist.The regional distribution of the gypsies differs from the scale which is the N orthern and Eastern regions of the country, e. g. in South-Transdanubia their scale within the pop¬ulation is much higher than in other regions. T heir segregation is significant, too, on the basis of the type of the settlement as most of them live in underdeveloped small villages and settlements. A num ber of researchers showed segregation of the gypsies w ithin the settlements in the 1990’s. In almost all-Hungarian settlements dealing with gypsy m inori¬ties an isolation is visible evidently on ethnic basis. The socialist economic policy announced an ‘entire employment’; the extensive indus¬trialisation was favourable for the social integration of the gypsies, but after the period of transition and with the appearance of a new economical/political system masses of gypsies became unemployed. The roots of this process are based partly on discrimination and part¬ly on the undereducated groups in the gypsy population.Also, the gypsy pupil's failure at school is a complex problem. It is based not only on their bad social conditions and on their segregation in schools (and apparently in the entire educational system) but also on their linguistic disadvantage just as well as on the unsuit¬able pedagogic methods and on the prejudice against them.

Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: Kisebbségszociológia 1990-2002 : bibliográfia és tanulmánygyűjtemény
Date: 2003
ISBN: 9 638 638 796
Page Range: pp. 65-106
Language: magyar, angol
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kisebbségszociológia - cigányság - szakirodalom
Additional Information: Rezümé angolul Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben és p. 95-106.
Date Deposited: 2020. Apr. 22. 13:59
Last Modified: 2020. Apr. 22. 13:59
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/66400

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