“For King of Jerusalem is your name”: Offerings to Franz Joseph from the Old Yishuv

Arad, Lily: “For King of Jerusalem is your name”: Offerings to Franz Joseph from the Old Yishuv. In: Religion, culture, society, (4). pp. 44-56. (2017)

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Abstract

Choosing or creating a gift requires givers to engage in an imaginative process to empathize with recipients and their preferences, while also conveying their own particular identity. Tributes to Franz Joseph were perceived by the court not only as signs of appreciation and gratitude for benefits that he granted: most importantly, these were acknowledgments of his authority at a time when ethno-national loyalties competed with loyalty to the dynastic state and he was struggling to keep his empire from disintegrating. The homages were expected to awaken national pride, solidarity and devotion, and became a means to construct an ideal image of national identity and loyalty to the monarch. For this reason the imperial court developed special ceremonies for their presentation and dis-play as a means to exalt the monarch and to spread national myths constructed around his image. Given the long lists of tribute appointments, audiences lasted only a few minutes; therefore artists strove to attract attention and express the donors’ identity and messages. How did offerings presented by the Old Yishuv to Franz Joseph I function in their historical, socio-political and religious contexts? What were the incentives for and rationale behind the design, production and presentation of these objects? How did material, form and content tell a relevant story in the Austrian imperial and the Jerusalemite Jewish contexts? We propose that these objects were expected to play upon the Emperor’s piousness and self-perception as holder of the Crown of Jerusalem and thereby ensure a sympathetic attitude toward the Old Yishuv’s plight, while enhancing the community’s own self-image as well as its status in the eyes of the monarch and of Jewish benefactors on whose generosity it depended. A further contribution of this study will be an improved understanding of the ways in which social groups constructed and used narratives and images of a space, in this case the unique space of Jerusalem.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Religion, culture, society
Date: 2017
Volume: 4
ISSN: 1416-7972
Page Range: pp. 44-56
Language: Angol
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zsidó identitástudat és lojalitás - Jeruzsálem - kulturális emlékezet - Magyarország királyának uralkodói címei
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben és p.: 54-56., Képekkel ill.
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 12. 08:52
Last Modified: 2020. May. 12. 08:52
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/67002

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