Izraelita első világháborús emlékműállítások és fogadtatásuk Szeged példáján

Glässer, Norbert and Glässerné Nagyillés, Anikó: Izraelita első világháborús emlékműállítások és fogadtatásuk Szeged példáján. In: Mózes kőtáblái a hármashalmon : zsidó hagyomány és szimbolikus politika határán 19. pp. 103-120. (2015)

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Abstract

The Hungarian Israelite memorial plaques and statues of the Great War and their receptions on the case of Szeged The world war Jewish media propaganda of Hungary adapted its tools into the non-Jewish war propaganda. The shaping of the Hungarian Jewish hero-type already started at the war front: self-sacrificing fight and persistence to the very end became distinct. Opposing the stereotypes that questioned Jewish partici-pation and commitment in the war the publications were not only meant as a remembrance but to represent heroism and far-reaching commitment to the nation. This was the starting point of the heroic cult that was fulfilled during the next decades remembering the Great War. In the synagogues of Hungary that had suffered significant territorial losses the names of the fallen members of the community were immortalized in memorial plaques. This tendency is discernible in both Orthodox and Neolog communities. Depending on the financial situation of the community the Israelite memorial plaques were often the first in the line of local memorial plaques erected. The intent of the sponsors can be interpreted within the framework of the Monarchy’s Neolog and Orthodox self-image: retain-ing their turn-of-the-century self-definition they regarded themselves as Hungar-ians and their denomination as Israelite. The purpose of the memorial plaques was to demonstrate their community’s belonging to the Hungarian nation and to carry an apologetic response to the accusations gaining force with the col-lapse after the world war. They commemorated the bravery and unselfishness of the Israelite heroes, their performance in the First World War while providing a physical manifestation to the deeper collective layers of meaning pertaining to the present defined by the segregation law (numerus clausus).

Item Type: Book Section
Heading title: Zsidók a népek háborújában
Journal or Publication Title: Mózes kőtáblái a hármashalmon : zsidó hagyomány és szimbolikus politika határán
Date: 2015
Number: 19
ISSN: 2064-4825
ISBN: 978-963-306-401-6
Page Range: pp. 103-120
Series Name: A vallási kultúrakutatás könyvei
Language: magyar, angol
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/67618/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zsidóság története - 1. Világháború - felekezeti emlékművek
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben, és: p. 114-116., Rezümé angolul, Ill. a cikk végén: Szegedi régi zsinagóga emléktáblája
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.12. Cultural history, history of collective identities and memories
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 18. 15:24
Last Modified: 2020. Jul. 02. 11:29
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/67345

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