Als der Herrgott, der Satan und Sankt Petrus mit der Schöpfung beschäftigt waren : dualistische Schöpfungssagen in der schwedischen, ungarischen und russischen Kultur

Orosz, György: Als der Herrgott, der Satan und Sankt Petrus mit der Schöpfung beschäftigt waren : dualistische Schöpfungssagen in der schwedischen, ungarischen und russischen Kultur. In: "Dein Wort ist meines Fusses Leuchte und ein Licht auf meinem Weg": Russistische und germanistische Studien aus dem Bereich der christlichen Volksfrömmigkeit 24. pp. 93-122. (2016)

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Abstract

In this paper I focus on dualistic creation stories, but without an attempt at an all-European overview. The analysis is confined to Swedish, Hungarian and Russian cultures, and references are made to various genres of literary fiction, folk legends, religious folk epic songs and annals. In the background of these examples the religious ideology of medieval bogomilism can be traced. “The Legend of Småland”, a chapter in Selma Lagerlöf’s children’s novel “The Wonderful Adventures of Nils”, draws on a dualistic cosmogonic myth of apocryphal traditions. This myth represents a modified variant of an etiological, dualistic belief. Satan is replaced by Saint Peter, who is believed to have created the mountains, which are symbolic of chaos, in the plain called Småland. In contrast, the plain was created by God. In the mythological view of the world, the plain is symbolic of the world of order, i.e. cosmos. The motif of soil or sand brought up from the bottom of the sea as well as the cooperation of the Creator and his Demiurge in the creation myth may be part of the ancient heritage in Hungarian mythology, or the motifs of the dualistic creation myth may have been borrowed later in the new homeland from nearby or distant neighbours whose tradition had been deeply affected by bogomilism. In the Russian Primary Chronicle, at the year 1071, an apocryphal story can be read in which magicians (‘volchvy’) present their ideas concerning the creation of man in accordance with the dualistic concept of Bogomils. The human body was created by Satan, from a bunch of straw hurled down from Heaven by God, and it was God who placed the soul in the body. Certain textual variants of “The Book of the Depths” (‘Golubinaja kniga’), a Russian religious folk epic, describe the single combat between Truth (‘Pravda’) and Falsehood (‘Krivda’). This combat can be interpreted, although indirectly, as the Bogomil tenet of the fight between Logos (Jesus) and Satan. Although Truth became victorious, the two of them shared the rule over the world. Heaven belongs to Jesus, whereas the Earth, with all the people, belongs to Satan. European literatures and folk poetry were intensely affected, although in different ways, by the apocrypha, including writings and oral traditions of Bogomil spirit, which spread widely and had a distinctly perceptible impact on the development of Christian culture in Europe.

Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: "Dein Wort ist meines Fusses Leuchte und ein Licht auf meinem Weg": Russistische und germanistische Studien aus dem Bereich der christlichen Volksfrömmigkeit
Date: 2016
Number: 24
ISSN: 2064-4825
ISBN: 978-963-306-490-0
Page Range: pp. 93-122
Series Name: A vallási kultúrakutatás könyvei
Language: German
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/67623/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apokrif irodalom - ókeresztény, Vallási néprajz - magyar, Kereszténység
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 119-122. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.02. Languages and Literature
06. Humanities > 06.03. Philosophy, ethics and religion
Date Deposited: 2020. Apr. 15. 12:52
Last Modified: 2021. Oct. 04. 14:28
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/67397

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