"Agrárizmus" a két háború közötti Németországban : egy mentalitástörténeti áttekintés historiográfiai megközelítésben

Fritz, János: "Agrárizmus" a két háború közötti Németországban : egy mentalitástörténeti áttekintés historiográfiai megközelítésben. In: Köztes-Európa : társadalomtudományi folyóirat, (11) 1. pp. 19-34. (2019)

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Abstract

This paper examines the mentality history aspects of the nostalgies related to the German “agrarian state” before 1945, while it tries to create a sort of interpretation frame by reviewing the relevant historiographical factors. The first part of the study deals with the survival of the East Elbian large landholding qualifying the statements of the great American economic historian, Alexander Gerschenkron made in his book of 1944 “Bread and Democracy in Germany”. The second part covers the conceptions referring to the elite und peasantry through the viewpoint of the contemporaries and historians. There I analyze to what extent the ecosocial peculiarities of the different district types (little-, big peasantry, and large estates) influenced the image of the countryman of that time. The issue of the Rural People’s Movement (Landvolk) in Schleswig-Holstein, which was considered for long as a “pre-fascist” phenomenon, is of particular interest. Finally I try to put the relationship between “agrarism” and nationalsocialism in its place, as it has been both over- and underevaluated. Although this type of “agrarism” culminated without any doubt in this regime, it is not true that this would have been the ultimate purpose of Nazism. It was especially typical of the German historiography after 1945 to derive the “perilous ideas” from here. But it was an important increment of these analyses springing from self-loathing that in addition to the host medium of these ideas, they threw light upon the rural structures, too.

Item Type: Article
Other title: "Agrarism" in Germany between the two war : an mentality historical review in historiographical approach
Journal or Publication Title: Köztes-Európa : társadalomtudományi folyóirat
Date: 2019
Volume: 11
Number: 1
ISSN: 2064-437X
Page Range: pp. 19-34
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gazdaságtörténet - Németország - 20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 33-34. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.09. Social and economic history
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 11. 13:45
Last Modified: 2020. May. 11. 13:45
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68021

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