Enhanced biodegradability of dairy sludge by microwave assisted alkaline and acidic pre-treatments

Beszédes, Sándor and Jákói, Zoltán and Lemmer, Balázs and Hodúr, Cecília: Enhanced biodegradability of dairy sludge by microwave assisted alkaline and acidic pre-treatments. In: Review on agriculture and rural development, (7) 1-2. pp. 92-97. (2018)

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Abstract

Considering the rapid, volumetric and selective heating effects of microwaves the microwave assisted chemical methods could provide appropriate alternatives for conventional thermal methods in sludge processing. Microwave irradiation alone is suitable to accelerate the hydrolysis stage of anaerobic decomposition of sludge resulted in accelerated biogas production rate and in higher biogas yield. Alkaline pre-treatments increase the organic matter solubility and suitable for disintegration of sludge particles. In some study are concluded that acidic conditions help the disintegration of waste activated sludge and assist in the solubilisation of carbohydrates and proteins which led to increased higher biogas production, as well. Beside the promising results related to effects of microwave pre-treatments on anaerobic digestion of sludge there are very few reports on the investigation of combined acidic/alkali-microwave pre-treatment method for food industry originated sludge. Hence, our study focused on the examination of the effects of combined microwave-alkali and microwave-acidic pre-treatment on aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of sludge produced in dairy industry Our experimental results verified, that microwave irradiation with alkaline dosage improve the solubility of organic matters in the pH range of 8-12. But enhancement of disintegration was not correlated linearly with biodegradability. During pre-treatment stage, applying pH over 10, the aerobic biodegradability show decreasing tendency. Applying of acidic condition during microwave irradiation resulted in lower disintegration degree than obtained for microwave-alkaline sludge pre-treatment method. But with microwave assisted acidic pre-treatments a higher aerobic biodegradability could be achieved than with alkaline dosage. In microwave pre-treatments acidic condition was preferable to increase the shorter aerobic biodegradability; the alkaline condition was favourable to intensify the anaerobic digestion process.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Review on agriculture and rural development
Date: 2018
Volume: 7
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 2677-0792
Page Range: pp. 92-97
Publisher: University of Szeged, Faculty of Agriculture
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 97. p. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.04. Chemical sciences
04. Agricultural sciences
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 08. 10:12
Last Modified: 2020. May. 08. 10:12
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68092

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