Relationships between reproduction parameters in dairy cows

Bakos, Gábor and Béki, Szabina and Pócza, Szabolcs and Nagy, Ádám and Tóth, Szandra and Szabari, Miklós and Stefler, József: Relationships between reproduction parameters in dairy cows. In: Review on agriculture and rural development, (7) 1-2. pp. 81-86. (2018)

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Abstract

The aim of the reproductive management of dairy farms is to keep low the days in milk (DIM). Milk production can be profitable only in that case. Calvings make only low DIM. From the economic point of view, to evaluate the amount of the calving is not simple because in many cases the insemination and the calving are not in the same year. We wanted to find a reproduction parameter, which is easy to record, available real time, and corrrelate well with other parameters. We collected reproduction data from 21 farms from 2016. Average numbers of cows, number of the ai (artificial insemination) in cows, number of cows pregnancies, open days (OD), service period (SP), time of first ai (TFAI), conception rate of first ai (CRFAI), conception rate of all ai (CRSAI) were collected. The number of the pregnant cows were grouped, pregancies under 120 days after calving -U120- and pregnancies above 200 -A200- days after calving. The economical effect of open days are well-known. OD correlated with the rate of the pregnancies under 120 days after calving (r = -0.802; P ≤ 0.001). The open days correlated with the rate of the pregnancis above 200 days after calving (r = 0.889; P ≤ 0.001). If the rate of U120 is high, the rate of pregnant cows (ROPC) will be high too (r = 0.611; P = 0.003). A200 is in negative relation with ROPC (r = -0.525; P = 0.015). OD correlated with TFAI (r = 0.562; P = 0.008). ROPC correlated with TFAI (r = -0.457; P = 0.037). OD correlated with SP (r = 0.778; P ≤ 0.001). SP is in negative correlation with CRFAI and CRSAI (r = - 0.577, P = 0.006; r = - 0.773, P ≤ 0.001). SP correlated with U120 and A200 (r= - 0.572, P = 0.007; r = 0.788 P ≤ 0.001). Our study shows that the rate of the pregnant cows are stasistically correlated with many important reproduction parameters. The measurement of the number of pregnant cows is easy, available real time and it has important economical effect on milk production. In summary, the number of pregnant cows is a useful parameter to evaluate the reproductive performance and current status of the farms.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Review on agriculture and rural development
Date: 2018
Volume: 7
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 2677-0792
Page Range: pp. 81-86
Publisher: University of Szeged, Faculty of Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords: Háziállatok - szaporodás, Szarvasmarhatenyésztés, Szaporodásbiológia, Szaporodás - állattenyésztés
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 86. p. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 01. Natural sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences > 01.06.08. Reproductive biology
01. Natural sciences > 01.06. Biological sciences > 01.06.08. Reproductive biology > 01.06.08.01. Animal reproduction
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 08. 10:31
Last Modified: 2020. May. 08. 10:31
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68094

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