Reform a keresztény nacionalizmus jegyében : egy neokatolikus kísérlet transznacionális vonatkozásai

Romsics, Gergely: Reform a keresztény nacionalizmus jegyében : egy neokatolikus kísérlet transznacionális vonatkozásai. In: Aetas, (34) 4. pp. 27-48. (2019)

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Abstract

The essay seeks to broaden existing perspectives on the ideology of Neo-Catholic reform during the last years of the 1930s in Hungary. Following a decade marked by conservative consolidation, Hungary after the Great Depression experienced a shift towards various New Right positions, that became dominant in the establishment. Neo-Catholics gained considerable influence after the successive failures of Gyula Gömbös’ quasi-fascist reform plans and the subsequent Darányi government. The group of experts and activists around influential scholar turned propaganda chief Béla Kovrig presented in turn a program that sought to integrate corporatist, Neo-Catholic social thought and the autocratic trends observable in the decade – to which Hungary was no exception. The essay examines two attempts engineered by Kovrig – the integration of existing labour organizations and constitutional reform in the spirit of corporatism – in an effort to find the place of this ideological stream. Using previously unreferenced archival material, the essay contributes to the discourse by mapping transnational connections that shaped the ideas of Neo-Catholic reform in Hungary. The image that emerges is a complex one: it is clear that autocratic corporatists states left their mark as general ideals to be approximated, while at the level of specific policies, the totalitarian states – Italy and Germany – influenced practical thinking more, despite a refusal to accept a totalitarian turn in Hungarian politics.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Reform in the name of christian nationalism : transnational aspects of a neo-catholic political enterprise
Heading title: Tanulmány
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2019
Volume: 34
Number: 4
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 27-48
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 14. 08:17
Last Modified: 2020. May. 14. 08:17
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68224

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