Fogyasztás a második világháború utáni Kelet-Közép-Európában : politikai meghatározók és transznacionális hatások

Tomka, Béla: Fogyasztás a második világháború utáni Kelet-Közép-Európában : politikai meghatározók és transznacionális hatások. In: Aetas, (34) 4. pp. 62-74. (2019)

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Abstract

The study explores the characteristics of the consumer culture of East-Central European communist societies – Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary – during the decades following WWII. It argues that the significant role of politics in the formation of consumption patterns and consumer culture was a major feature of the region’s consumption history during this time period, but consumption policy shouldn’t be considered the sole determinant of changes. Besides consumption policy, economic and social factors should also be taken into account. The effects of consumption policy were not as significant as several previous studies suggest. The widening gap between consumer aspirations and the actual possibilities was the most important factor shaping consumption policy. In general, the level of consumption advanced in the region during the decades after 1950, but consumer satisfaction didn’t increase with it, and even started to decline towards the end of the period. The rapid rise in consumer aspirations had several reasons, but we consider the transnational factors, namely the demonstration effects of Western countries to be the most significant. Economic policy reacted to this with changes in direction, but these measures were strongly constrained by the political and economic system. This constellation can help us understand how East-Central European consumer culture was connected to political changes, and how it contributed to the destabilization of the communist regimes.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Consumption in East-Central Europe after WWII : political determinants and transnational connections
Heading title: Tanulmány
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2019
Volume: 34
Number: 4
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 62-74
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fogyasztói társadalom - Kelet-Közép-Európa - 1945
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. May. 14. 08:36
Last Modified: 2020. May. 14. 08:36
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68226

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