A két világháború közti libanoni rendszer természetrajza = The nature of the Lebanese political system in the interwar period

Rashed, Daher: A két világháború közti libanoni rendszer természetrajza = The nature of the Lebanese political system in the interwar period. In: Belvedere Meridionale, (31) 3. pp. 59-70. (2019)

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Abstract

The reconfiguration of the Middle East after the First World War can be regarded as the first wave of Europeanization in the Middle East. The centuries-long imperial order that defined the region and originated from local factors were replaced by a European-type modern state system, in which mandate powers such as France and Great Britain established Western institutions with their secular ideology, administrative basis, and understanding of sovereignty. It was evident from the beginning, that the arbitrarily designated borders broke many wellestablished local compromises and subverted the delicate balance between different sects, religions, language groups, and nations. The case of Lebanon – as the most complex area concerning the ethnic and sectarian divisions – illustrates the fact that implementing a European style nationstate into a Middle Eastern environment met with resistance and these set of internal contradictions have been exerting influence on the political situation of the region ever since. Although the mandate system of the interwar period broke up and Lebanon gained independence after the Second World War, the original demands by local movements (e.g. establishing a Greater Syria) was not possible owing to the firm establishment of new borders after 1918. In practice, this meant that independence was materialized in a framework defined by France and Great Britain and this condition considerably limited the space of action both on the political and the social level.

Item Type: Article
Heading title: Tanulmányok = Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Belvedere Meridionale
Date: 2019
Volume: 31
Number: 3
ISSN: 2064-5929
Page Range: pp. 59-70
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14232/belv.2019.3.4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Libanon története - 1920-1930-as évek
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 69-70. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Date Deposited: 2020. Mar. 10. 08:53
Last Modified: 2020. Mar. 10. 08:53
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68530

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