A Temesi Bánság első kormányzója : gróf Claude Florimond de Mercy, 1666-1734

Gyémánt, Richárd: A Temesi Bánság első kormányzója : gróf Claude Florimond de Mercy, 1666-1734. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (9) 2. pp. 31-48. (2019)

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Abstract

Count Claude Florimond de Mercy (1666–1734) was an imperial general, who was born at Longwy, in Duchy of Lorraine (Nowdays in France). Mercy entered the Imperial (Austrian) army as a volunteer in 1682. He won his first commission at the great battle of Vienna in the following year (1683). After – during seven years (1683–1690) – he fought against the Turkish army, as lieutenant, later captain in Hungary. In 1697 he was employed in the Italian campaign, but he was called back to Hungary by the famous imperial strategist, Prince Eugene von Savoy. He fought at Zenta in 1697. During the Spanish Succession War Mercy fought in the Imperial army against the French troops in Italy and twice fell into the hands of the enemy. In this time he was lieutenant-colonel, after the battle of Cremona received the emperor's thanks and the proprietary colonelcy of a newly raised cuirassier regiment. Later he fought against the France and the Bavarian troops in Bavaria, BadenWürttemberg and Rhineland. After several battle, for example the Battle of Schellenberg (1704, near Donauwörth, Bavaria), in 1705 he was promoted as major general. Later he was soon afterwards promoted vice-marshal. After the Spanish Succession War he went to Hungary and fought in the Imperial army at Pétervárad, later at Temesvár, Pancsova, Újpalánka and more. After the Peace of Passarowitz (1718) he resumed the administration of the Banat, which after more than 150 years of Turkish rule needed a humane and capable governor. But before his work was done he was once more called away to a command in the field, this time in southern Italy. Between 1718 (de facto 1716) and 1734, he administered the Banat, reorganizing the country as a prosperous and civilized community. In 1734 – during the Polish Succession War (1733–1735) – he was made a general field marshal in the army, but on the 29th of June was killed (by musketballs) at the battle of Crocetta or other name battle of San Pietro (near Parma) while personally leading his troops.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The first governor of the Temeschwarer Banat : Count Claude Florimond de Mercy, 1666-1734
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2019
Volume: 9
Number: 2
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 31-48
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magyarország története - 17-18. sz., Erdély története - 17-18. sz., Temesi Bánság, Claude Florimond de Mercy
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.06. Early modern history
Date Deposited: 2020. Jun. 10. 12:20
Last Modified: 2020. Jun. 10. 12:20
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/68896

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