Helynévi és földtani érvek tisztázatlan középkori bányászattörténeti adatok pontosításához Kalotaszegen

Wanek, Ferenc: Helynévi és földtani érvek tisztázatlan középkori bányászattörténeti adatok pontosításához Kalotaszegen. In: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében 2., (16). pp. 105-121. (2017)

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Abstract

One of the aims of my thesis is to geographically locate mining sites of precious metals (gold and silver) as well as referring to the rock salt that occur in the medieval written sources, but are not locally refined; furthermore to carefully supplement the meagre literature of Kalotaszeg's medieval mining to geologically and historically substantiate it with the preserved toponyms. As a result of my ambition I managed to clarify at least three (Somesu Rece, Capu§u Mic, Márgáu) but maybe five (added: Pániceni and Sácuieu) medieval metal mine sites, as well as a salt mine (Gheorgheni and Pata) about which mining history of the Middle Ages has known nothing about. I also tried answering why these mines were abandoned during or at the end of the Middle Ages. The answer in the case of gold is that medieval Hungary was the main source of Europe's gold, but from the discovery of America by the then civilized world, these supplies became much cheaper. The local deposits became secondary, so the weaker metalliferous mines were rendered uneconomic, and left abandoned. In the case of salt mining, the cause was different As a result of the royal salt monopoly formed in the 14th century, supervision of salt mines and surface occurrences, storage and transport demanded centralized, easy and reasonable solutions, and the Transylvanian abundance of salt led to mine only the best available salt plants. This system abandoned and abolished remote small scale mining areas far from trading routes.

Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében 2.
Date: 2017
Volume: 16
ISSN: 2062-3712
ISBN: 978-615-80462-2-0
Page Range: pp. 105-121
Series Name: Közép-európai Monográfiák
Event Title: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében : tudományos nemzetközi konferencia (2.) (2017) (Szeged)
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/50378/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bányászat - Kárpát-medence - középkor, Bányászattörténet - Kalotaszeg - középkor
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 117-121. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.05. Medieval history
Date Deposited: 2020. Aug. 03. 10:22
Last Modified: 2020. Aug. 03. 10:22
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/69738

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