Gazdaság és városhierarchia Délkelet-Európában

Rácz Szilárd: Gazdaság és városhierarchia Délkelet-Európában. In: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében 2., (16). pp. 297-312. (2017)

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The economic and political changes opened new possibilities for the post-socialist states in Southeast Europe. The region has a very dynamic period in the last two decades, which continue today. In these countries foreign direct investment was unknown before. In these years, investors discovered these countries as profitable fields of investment. Not all counties were simultaneously discovered. It was, however general that the foreigners invested first in capital cities, in ports and in regions bordering EU member states. It means that investments were concentrated in a few cities and regions, most regions remained without FDI for several years, in many cases until now. Consequently, economic growth also concentrated to capital regions. In some cases, the capital city region was the only carrier of economic growth. With the global financial and economic crisis somewhat changed this trend but the long term trends did not changed, regional disparities are showing an increase between centres and peripheries. Capital city regions have lower unemployment; the decrease of the growth rate is less than in the other regions. The main driving force of economic growth continues to be the service sector which is concentrated in the capital cities. At the same time, however, national and EU policies have a strong influence on the territorial development of countries, cities and regions. The unambiguous winners of the process are capital regions, exploiting their role as metropolitan growth areas. No region outside capital regions has experienced a significant improvement in development ranking. This process highlights the heavily metropolitan character of high-technology manufacturing and knowledgeintensive high-technology services, as well as the functions of economic, financial and political control, where the higher tiers of the globally organised urban network predominate, and the competitive positions of functional urban areas lacking a critical mass are much less advantageous. The paper focuses on the development of Southeast European cities, with special regards to the concentration of top companies and modern urban functions.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Economy and urban hierarchy in Southeast Europe
Journal or Publication Title: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében 2.
Date: 2017
Volume: 16
ISSN: 2062-3712
ISBN: 978-615-80462-2-0
Page Range: pp. 297-312
Series Name: Közép-európai Monográfiák
Language: Hungarian, English
Event Title: Magyarok a Kárpát-medencében : tudományos nemzetközi konferencia (2.) (2017) (Szeged)
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gazdaságpolitika - Délkelet-Európa
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 310-312. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business
Date Deposited: 2020. Aug. 03. 13:56
Last Modified: 2022. Jan. 06. 13:23

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