Területi problémák, területfejlesztési projektek a két háború közötti Észak-Amerikában, Európában, különös tekintettel a német "Keleti segítségre"

Fritz, János: Területi problémák, területfejlesztési projektek a két háború közötti Észak-Amerikában, Európában, különös tekintettel a német "Keleti segítségre". In: Köztes-Európa : társadalomtudományi folyóirat, (11) 2. pp. 47-65. (2019)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is not to explore the unknown facts, but to sum up the common knowledge about the topic to systematize them in an unified international context. The economic crisis of 1929-1933 – whose first signs appeared in the agriculture – affected several rural areas disadvantageously. These were those regions, which were the losers of the capitalist economic development as well as the fulfillment of the nation state with their unfavorable demographic indices, high migration rates, and frequent environmental problems. In the end, it was the Great Depression which forced the states to start launch programs to catch up on these undeveloped regions. First of all, these programs tried to help the indebted agricultural producers, but parallely it was intended to connect them with some restructuring, too. Therefore in America the electricity-production, in Italy the drainage and the expansion of the cultivable land were bought into focus. Whereas in Germany it was also a focal point to develop the infrastructure. Although, in Hungary there was not any similar program to a specific region – because the farmer’s suffered equally from their debts in every area of the country. Nonetheless the Great Hungarian Plain must be highlighted, because this was the only Hungarian region which the contemporaries were particularly interested in. Out of these programs the historians are mostly interested in the „Eastern Help” as a misguided initiation which was the last straw to come the party of Hitler into power. Not neglecting these threads, the study strives to approach the issue in a technocratic way.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Regional problems, land development projects in America, Europe between the two war, with special regard to the German Eastern help
Journal or Publication Title: Köztes-Európa : társadalomtudományi folyóirat
Date: 2019
Volume: 11
Number: 2
ISSN: 2064-437X
Page Range: pp. 47-65
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/69782/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Területfejlesztés - USA - 20. sz., Területfejlesztés - Európa - 20. sz., Gazdaságtörténet - 20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 64-65. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. Aug. 05. 10:56
Last Modified: 2020. Aug. 05. 10:56
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/69787

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