Kerámiák archeometriai vizsgálata : kőzettani és geokémiai módszerek

Szakmány, György: Kerámiák archeometriai vizsgálata : kőzettani és geokémiai módszerek. In: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára. pp. 735-754. (2013)

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Abstract

Ceramics are artificial metamorphic (metasedimentary) rocks. Fundamentally they consist of plastic clay and non-plastic clasts, which had been fired at mediumhigh temperature during production. The samples were subject to scientific research carried out with mineralogical, petrographic and geochemical methods, which provide us information about the raw material and the production technology Petrograhic description with polarization microscope is the basis for the study. It can help us define the non plastic clasts (temper material), characterize the structural features of the ceramics. All these inform us of the site of production, the manufacturing technology and the rim and glaze of ceramics, too. Petrographic analysis offers information about the use of pottery and the secondary phases which form during the use and the time of the burial. The results of X-ray powder diffraction gives us details regarding the fine-grained raw material and the firing temperature. Data from chemical analysis may mainly complement and clarify the result of petrographic research. We may receive information about the origin of the raw material of the ceramics if we know well the geology of the site. We also need to perform a comparative study of the clayey sediment which might be regarded as the raw material found near the site or examine the material of the kiln available. Ceramics can be categorized based on the type of raw material and the production technology. Further categories are the following: ceramics made of local and non-local (imported) raw material. The scanning electronmicroscopic and electron-microprobe analysis (EPMA) may well complete the result of basic studies. Archaemetrical investigation of the ceramics is very successful if an antrophologist or a scientific expert select the samples for the scientific researches and they evaluate the results of them.

Item Type: Book Section
Journal or Publication Title: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára
Date: 2013
ISSN: 2062-9877
ISBN: 978 963 306 241 8
Page Range: pp. 735-754
Series Name: Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/69838/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek - Magyarország - középkor
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 752-754. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology > 06.01.02.01. Archaeology, archaeometry, landscape archaeology
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 07. 13:11
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 07. 13:11
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70053

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