Egy bánsági régész tevékenységéről : Kisléghy Nagy Gyula 10-11. századi bánsági ásatásairól - néhány gondolat

Gáll, Erwin and Tanase, Daniela: Egy bánsági régész tevékenységéről : Kisléghy Nagy Gyula 10-11. századi bánsági ásatásairól - néhány gondolat. In: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára. pp. 629-640. (2013)

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Abstract

Gyula Kisléghi Nagy was bom in 1861 (Valkóvár/ Vukovar, today: Croatia), he finished his higher studies in Budapest (jurisprudence) and in Magyaróvár (agronomics). As a member of the Historical and Archaeological Society of Southern Hungary, Kisléghi enlarged to a great extent our archaeological knowledge of different eras. Naturally, archaeology wasn’t Kisléghi’s profession, he worked as a steward for Princess M. San Marco, so he had an opportunity to dedicate his sparetime to Archaeology (as well). Gyula Kisléghi Nagy’s activity closely interweaves in time with József Hampel’s work, who was at that time the greatest figure of Hungarian Archaeology. On the basis of Archaeological Diary, the Banathian amateur archaeologist began to be engaged in Archaeology in the last decade of 19th century, approximately in 1892- 1893. The connection between the professional and the amateur was so good that the great scientist initiated him into the technique of the archaeological excavation in 1895 and in 1898. The first volume of Archaeological Diary in the inheritance of Timi§oara/Temesvár/Temeschwar Museum ends in 1909, so 17 years of Kisléghi’s activity is at our disposal. The first volume of the Diary - as we mentioned - includes very exact description of Kisléghi’s excavations, with drawings in many cases. These excavations concentrate mainly on Northern Banath, where he was a steward, first of all on the neighbourhood of Dudestii Vechi/Óbesenyő/Altbeschenowa/Stár Bisnov, Teremia Mare/Nagyteremia/ Marienfeld - Comlo$u Mare/Nagykomlós/GroB-Komlosch. Unfortunately only a small part of finds discovered by him was identified in the Temesvár Banathian Museum, the majority of it has remained unidentified till now. He began the discovery of sites from the age of conquest in Tomnatic/Nagyősz/ Triebswetter. During the discoveries between 1893 and 1909 Kisléghi, after searching 14 sites dug up cemeteries surely dated to the age of conquest and some probably dated to the same age, a small graveyard or possibly a single grave. Kisléghi’s notice concerning the position of quiver in grave is still considered to be a great achievement. After the found of the first grave from the age of conquest, our researchers did not recognize the role of the iron rods found near the skeletons for half a century. After Géza Nagy, who was the first in this field with the right analysis of the find in Piliny, and András Jósa, Kisléghi made a precise description of the situation of quiver in grave. The orientation of the first grave from mound II of Pusta Bucova/Bukovapuszta was also his achievement ignored at his time by the profession. Despite the fact that it was also published, we have not found any mention by other archaeologists. In case of the female grave in Pusta Bucova/ Bukovapuszta he observed that the corpse had not been disposed in W -E direction as the Hungarian conquerors did, but in E-W direction. At the same time on the basis of earrings with cast-beadrow pendant, the open-work pendants and the secondarily used belt mounts found in the grave in Pusta Bucova/ Bukovapuszta it can be stated that the person wore objects, jewelleries characterizing the furniture of female graves of classical horse-weapon burials. Kisleghi’s other notices also helped or would have helped us to get to know to a great extent the burial customs of the age of conquest. For instance, he observed the use of coffins in the weapon grave in Pusta Bucova/ Bukovapuszta IX, Hunca Mare mound. The fact that it is the only known burial with coffin in Banath (belonging now to Romania) proves the importance of his discovery. He also managed to register a vessel in a weapon grave in Pusta Bucova/Bukovapuszta 4th grave mound V. From this grave we know as well five rhombus-shaped gilt bronze shift ornaments (we will deal with them later), five arrowheads and a piece of iron considered by Kisleghi as a part of a bow-case. Kisleghi also noticed a burial custom, maybe first among the Banathian finds of the age of conquest: he found an animal bone, probably a sheep femur beyond the skull in the lonely weapon grave from mound III in Pusta Bucova/Bukovapuszta. The importance of multidisciplinary research nowadays becoming more and more fashionable was emphasized by Kisleghi hundred years ago. We know from the Diary that he sent human and animal skeletons from several funerals to the Anthropological Institute found in 1881 or to the institute of anatomy of the Hungarian Royal Veterinarian College. The Neolithic skeleton of mound IX in Pusta Bukova/Bukovapuszta, the male skeleton of mound III, the skeletons of mound IV and the horse bones and skulls found in Antal Balthazar site of mound VIII and on mound of Dudestii Vechi/Obesenyo/Altbeschenowa/Star Bisnov-mound l got to Budapest Anthropological Museum in this way. Gyula Kisleghi Nagy considerably enriched the literature of the age of conquest with his discoveries, notices and exact descriptions of finds and topography. His work can be compared to András Jósa’s, unfortunately the name of the Banathian ‘am ateur’ archaeologist is almost entirely forgotten.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: On the work of an archaeologist : some ideas on the excavations concerning the 10th-11th centuries by Gyula Kisléghy Nagy
Journal or Publication Title: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára
Date: 2013
ISSN: 2062-9877
ISBN: 978 963 306 241 8
Page Range: pp. 629-640
Series Name: Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/69838/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek - Magyarország - középkor, Kisléghy Nagy Gyula
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 638. p. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology > 06.01.02.01. Archaeology, archaeometry, landscape archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology > 06.01.02.01. Archaeology, archaeometry, landscape archaeology > 06.01.02.01.02. History of archaeology
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 07. 11:54
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 07. 12:42
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70060

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