A 10-11. századi Kárpát-medencei íjlemezek külső forráskritikai problémái

Bíró, Ádám: A 10-11. századi Kárpát-medencei íjlemezek külső forráskritikai problémái. In: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára. pp. 373-422. (2013)

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to exhaustively deal with the so-called aussere Quellenkritik of 10-11th century bow applications in the Carpathian Basin. Since archaeological theory has yet failed to give a coherent methodical model that would adequately describe source critical problems, an attempt was made here to define and differentiate external and internal source criticism according to the formation and continuous information-degradation of the archaeological record, partly on the basis of former notions of H. J. Eggers, M. K. H. Eggert and M. B. Schiffer. However, external source critical analysis is fundamental, as it defines the reliability of the inherent information of the record - whether and to what extent can it be evaluated and interpretated. The analysis of 10-11th century rigid bow applications provided an elaborated picture on the quality and shortcomings of publications, and on the context and temporal distribution of the findings. The general tendency of mending documentation techniques on excavations must be emphasized as the grave and its burial phenomena (e.g. the position and correlation of rigid bow applications) are literally destroyed during the excavation. The discussion of disturbance is also of fundamental importance, since the fragmentary state, location, position and mutual relation of bow applications in a burial provide information on the related funeral practice, and in certain cases, on the structure or dimensions of the bow. We also drew attention to the fact that 10—11th century bow applications are frequently found in unexpected location and position in the graves, even when the burial was assuredly undisturbed. However, the relatively high number of undisturbed burials offers fair possibility for future studies of correlating artifacts, burial phenomena and thus for relative chronology. In order to determine which graveyards are eligible for horizontal stratification or seriation, the complete population of cemeteries with bow applications and the percentage of burials with bow applications in each cemetery were studied. As a conclusion, it must be emphasized that though the general characteristics of bow applications (thin, fragile and often overlooked objects) have a negative effect on the quality of the archaeological record, the overall picture looks fairly favorable.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: External source critical aspects of 10-11th century rigid bow applications in the Carpathian basin
Journal or Publication Title: A honfoglalás kor kutatásának legújabb eredményei : tanulmányok Kovács László 70. születésnapjára
Date: 2013
ISSN: 2062-9877
ISBN: 978 963 306 241 8
Page Range: pp. 373-422
Series Name: Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/69838/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Régészet - leletek - Magyarország - középkor
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 412-422. és a lábjegyzetekben ; ill. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.02. Archaeology > 06.01.02.01. Archaeology, archaeometry, landscape archaeology
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 07. 08:15
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 07. 08:15
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70069

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