A menekültek és bevándorlók Európában az 1950-es évektől napjainkig

Cseresnyés, Ferenc: A menekültek és bevándorlók Európában az 1950-es évektől napjainkig. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 1-2. pp. 431-442. (2020)

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Abstract

The Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees was adopted during the Cold War era (1951) based on the operational experience of Eastern European dictatorships. As a consequence, it was relatively easy to draw up forms of persecution for which an applicant was granted refugee status. Refugees were accepted and integrated eventually. However, the relatively simple distinction between refugees and migrants has changed since the regime changes in Eastern Europe. The attitude of host states in the Western world has changed: they began to interpret the Convention restrictively. It was not problematic, as the lacking procedural rules of the Convention made this possible, as did the completely transformed international political environment. (Eastern European dictatorships have come to an end; formally the whole of Europe has become a democracy: thus discrediting political persecution). Concerned about their labor markets as well, the destination countries welcomed only a few “real” refugees, not those whose motivation for migration were questionable. (Obviously, this approach was supported by the security expectations of their population.) This concern and distancing changed completely after 25 years. In the course of the mass migration in 2015, worries of the host states’ population became immaterial, humanitarian and global aspects took precedence over the aspects of the formally applicable Convention, while national/state interests were sidelined.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Refugees and migrants in Europe from the 1950s to today
Heading title: Geopolitika rovat
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 431-442
Uncontrolled Keywords: Migráció - 1950-
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 442. p. és a jegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.04. Sociology
05. Social sciences > 05.04. Sociology > 05.04.01. Sociology
05. Social sciences > 05.04. Sociology > 05.04.01. Sociology > 05.04.01.05. Migration
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 10. 11:11
Last Modified: 2020. Sep. 14. 11:23
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70219

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