Program és tanítás a református templomok mennyezetfestésein : a "hasznos vagy tartalmas" dekoráció

Szacsvay Éva: Program és tanítás a református templomok mennyezetfestésein : a "hasznos vagy tartalmas" dekoráció. In: Kép, képmás, kultusz : [a 6. Szegedi Vallási Néprajzi Konferencia 2002. október 8-10. tanulmányai], (16). pp. 258-281. (2006)

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The protestant art is a decorative and preaching art. Although the protestantism rejected the fresco veneration, it returned to the pedagogical use of frescos in case of theological turns. The first type of the protestant frescos is the disputant-teaching-constructive group of paintings. The other type is the illustrated Bible. Newer types of frescos are the portrays annd historical paintings (the portrays of Luther and the illustrations of his life). A significant group of frescos is the so-called argumentative frescos which are the teaching images of the age of Reformation. The illustrations of devotional or edifying books belong to a new genre. The illustration of song books also served worship and edification. The rebuses or pictorial puzzles can also be put into the group of edifying images. We know that the Calvinist Reformation did not multiply devotional or other types of pictures in Hungary until the last third of the 19lh century. The protestants decorated the walls of their churches with flower ornamentation and inscriptions. In early compositions the inscriptions were put between two flowers - the same way as on manuscipts and early printings. The inscriptions were emphasized. The protestant art was preaching this was, the main role of it was to send the message of God on the walls of churches, furniture, used dishes and on other decorations as well. The citations and texts were chosen on the basis of the theological programme. The fears of apocalypse was manifested in the depictions and words quoted from the Bible on the ceilings and the furnishings of the churches. Besides the words from the Bible, simple pictures which could be interpreted as sternghtening protestant identity appeared. Instead of the characteristic pietist image of the wide and narrow road we could find pieces of advice with illustration with the aim of improving the quality of life. With the help of images and inscriptions we can grasp the mentality of people, the ideas leading their lives, their belief system and the mental and spiritual basics of their devotional behaviour.

Item Type: Book Section
Other title: Programme and teaching in the fresco paintings of Calvinist churches the "useful and meaty"decoration
Journal or Publication Title: Kép, képmás, kultusz : [a 6. Szegedi Vallási Néprajzi Konferencia 2002. október 8-10. tanulmányai]
Date: 2006
Volume: 16
ISSN: 1419-1288
ISBN: 963 482 750 0
Page Range: pp. 258-281
Series Name: Szegedi vallási néprajzi könyvtár
Language: Hungarian, English
Event Title: Szegedi Vallási Néprajzi Konferencia (6.) (2002) (Szeged)
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Uncontrolled Keywords: Ikonográfia - néprajz - magyar, Vallási néprajz - magyar, Egyházi művészet - református - Magyarország
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 277-281. és a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.04. Sociology
06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.03. Philosophy, ethics and religion
06. Humanities > 06.04. Arts (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music)
Date Deposited: 2020. Sep. 21. 09:11
Last Modified: 2022. Feb. 02. 10:48

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