A katonai büntetések és a katonai mellékbüntetések alkalmazása, különös tekintettel a szolgálati törvényben lévő fenyítésekre

Nagy Péter: A katonai büntetések és a katonai mellékbüntetések alkalmazása, különös tekintettel a szolgálati törvényben lévő fenyítésekre. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae, (1). pp. 405-445. (2018)

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During my research, I focused on finding the answers to the following questions: what offences result in criminal liability and what behaviours potentially result in disciplinary actions for soldiers in the sense of criminal law. Provided that one succeeds in deciding that the provisions of criminal law should be applied, the following question reasonably arises: what military penalties or supplementary penalties are justified to be imposed for various crimes committed by soldiers? Finally, I wish to present the correlation between these criminal sanctions and the punishments found in service law. I came to the conclusion that, in the case of soldiers, the protected legal interests can be enhanced by the feasible offences. Therefore, one should examine to what degree and to what extent a soldier’s infringement violated the law enforcing body’s order and discipline. Another aspect of analysis, which is closely related to protected legal interest, is the offence’s degree of danger to society. During the examination of both aspects, one has to take into account what that specific law enforcing body’s functions are and what tasks it has to complete, and then we get to the analysis of the offending soldier’s obligations found in his/her service regulations. In case these obligations are criminally breached by the soldier and this severely violates or endangers the specific law enforcing body’s functioning, order and/or discipline, such soldier can be brought to criminal liability since this will indirectly endanger society. Regarding the imposition of military penalties and supplementary penalties, the appropriate sanction can be determined by proportional adjustment to the extent of the soldier’s liability. I would name 3 levels of liability: the imposition of military penalties (1), supplementary military penalties (2), and punishments (3). Military penalties have to be imposed when the soldier’s liability is of the largest extent, i.e. he/she severely endangered protected legal interest with his/her offence, and the offence resulted in danger to the society. On level 3, however, liability is so low that a simple punishment suffices, which means that the soldier did not violate protected legal interest to such extent that criminal measures would be reasonable, and that the offence did not result in danger to the society. Thus, the imposed sanctions have to be proportionate to the offending soldier’s liability.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The application of military penalties and additional military penalties, especially punishment in service law
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae
Date: 2018
Volume: 1
ISSN: 2560-2802
Page Range: pp. 405-445
Language: Hungarian, English
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/70815/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Büntetőjog
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2020. Dec. 03. 10:39
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 10. 14:28
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70848

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