A bírói függetlenség összehasonlító megközelítésben

Salgó, Nóra: A bírói függetlenség összehasonlító megközelítésben. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae, (2). pp. 409-435. (2019)

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Abstract

In this study my goal is to examine how judicial independence appears in different countries in order to detect any possible shortcoming in the guarantees of judicial independence in Hungary. I seek to unravel the basics and the concept of judicial independence, and then with the purpose of finding an applicable model for Hungary I turn my attention to those countries which display an exemplary picture of judicial independence. First, I study the judicial independence of Great Britain emphasizing that it enjoys a strong social and legal support without any constitutional declaration, in comparison to post-communist countries – like Hungary – where it has not always succeeded to concrete the guarantees of judicial independence. Despite being one of the basic guarantee of the principle in question, the automatic case assignment has not yet been introduced to the Hungarian legal system as there is no automatic order for the assignment of cases fixed by law. By enacting this guarantee in Hungary on the model of the American, German or Italian automatic case assignment, it could also be able to prevent even the pretense of the violation of judicial independence. Focusing on judicial administration in Hungary, especially on the selection of judges, I consider it ideal to adopt a selection method similar to the one established in France. The French selection method operates with an entrance exam making it less possible that the subjective aspect would influence the selection process. For similar purposes, it would also be ideal to set up an advisory committee made up of members independent of the three branches of government. In this comparative study of judicial independence, I can establish that the exemplary solutions in different countries regarding judicial independence should not be overlooked in Hungary. It would be justified to regulate by law those institutional solutions of judicial independence that has proven itself in modern legal systems. This could eliminate any possible doubts regarding judicial independence and it could also be a way of ensuring the validation of the principle in question.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Judicial independence in comparative approach
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : publicationes discipulorum iurisprudentiae
Date: 2019
Volume: 2
ISSN: 2560-2802
Page Range: pp. 409-435
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/70816/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Igazságszolgáltatás, Bíróság
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.05. Law
Date Deposited: 2020. Dec. 07. 11:41
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 18. 15:02
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/70873

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