Factors influencing international beer trade

Jantyik, Lili and Török, Áron and Jámbor, Attila: Factors influencing international beer trade. In: Review on agriculture and rural development, (8) 1-2. pp. 158-162. (2019)

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Abstract

Beer has been presenting in human life for a long time. The oldest written proof of beer production, the “Monument Bleu”, comes from Mesopotamia, the 3rd millennium BC and by this time brewing was regulated by law (Ulischberger, 1982). Nowadays, globalization liberates the markets and large brewing companies achieve tremendous growth. In 2016, trade value of beer made from malt was 13,8 billion USD, according to the UNComtrade (2019) data. The main exporter was Mexico with 27% share in total beer export, followed by three EU beer producers: Netherlands, Belgium and Germany with shares of 14%, 11% and 9%, respectively. On the other side, beer import was even more concentrated: the USA represented 35% of global beer import, followed by France and the United Kingdom (5-5%), China (4.5%) and Italy (4.3%). In case of beer, domestic consumption largely determines the industry, because the largest producers are not the top exporters. Based on FAO (2019) data, in 2014, 28% of global beer production was brewed in China, followed by the USA (the biggest importer - 13%), and 8% was produced in Brazil. Germany and Mexico, the two main exporters, only had 5-5% of market shares in terms of global beer production. In our study we measured competitiveness using the index of Symmetric Revealed Comparative Advantage (SRCA), calculated for all countries exporting beer in the period of 1988-2017. In order to identify factors influencing SRCA, we applied panel-data linear models by using feasible generalized least squares (FGLS). We used the following independent variables for the model: barley production, FDI (foreign direct investment) levels, population, per capita GDP, per capita beer consumption, beer export unit value, number of beers with geographical indications, EU membership (as a dummy variable) and beer production.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Review on agriculture and rural development
Date: 2019
Volume: 8
Number: 1-2
ISSN: 2063-4803
Page Range: pp. 158-162
Publisher: University of Szeged, Faculty of Agriculture
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/71098/
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14232/rard.2019.1-2.158-162
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sörgyártás - Magyarország, Kereskedelem - nemzetközi
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: 162. p. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 05. Social sciences
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business > 05.02.01. Economics, econometrics
05. Social sciences > 05.02. Economics and business > 05.02.01. Economics, econometrics > 05.02.01.10. International trade
Date Deposited: 2021. Jan. 13. 13:20
Last Modified: 2021. Jan. 13. 13:20
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/71068

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