Restauráció, reform vagy újjáépítés az alapokról? : katolikus államreform-elképzelések a két világháború között

Zachar Péter Krisztián: Restauráció, reform vagy újjáépítés az alapokról? : katolikus államreform-elképzelések a két világháború között. In: Közép-európai közlemények, (13) 3. pp. 157-180. (2020)

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After a year and a half after the end of the First World War, which was dominated by serious crisis in all respects, it was clear in Hungarian political life that a simple return to the „happy times of peace” known before 1914 was almost impossible. It was clear to the responsible political leadership that the pre-existing political, economic and social problems, which were exacerbated by the crisis of Hungarian statehood between 1918 and 1920, had to be remedied. The period of the disintegration of historical Hungary was characterized by the complete instability of the political system, therefor some democratic elements of this era proved to be a mistake and had to be eliminated in the future for the Christian-conservative narrative. At the same time in the Christian-conservative camp, which gradually came to power from the late autumn of 1919, however, there was no consensus on the number of parameters to be changed, selected on a moving scale between total restoration and profound modernization as a function of individual ideology and beliefs. In addition to the conservative trend that came to power, the political group marked by the name of István Bethlen, there was also a more conservative, but at the same time progressive, Christian social opposition that called for complete reconstruction. The conservative Catholic thinkers of the era, on whom this study focuses, were convinced that a new state system could get rid of the „liberalist” conception of the state and at the same time the „total state” embodied in the era by Bolshevism (the reign of a lived and real Soviet republic in 1919 in Hungary). For them, true democracy did not mean mass democracy, but rather compromise and balance of interests on a more abstract, theoretically higher level, and therefore rejected the legitimacy of multi-party parliamentarism. As an alternative to this, they argued for a new system of vocational orders based on solidarity and subsidiarity, and sought to defend their own concept and the Hungarian state of the future against both unbridled libertarian and inherently threatening totalitarian ideas. All along, they stood for subsidiarity, „organic democracy,” and a private economy backed by corrections, believing that state reform, coupled with government support and societal insight, could succeed. The present study seeks to draw the political theoretical background of this reconstruction concept.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Restoration, reform or reconstruction of the funds? : catholic ideas of state reform between the two World Wars
Heading title: Újragondolt negyedszázad : a Horthy-korszak
Journal or Publication Title: Közép-európai közlemények
Date: 2020
Volume: 13
Number: 3
ISSN: 1789-6339
Page Range: pp. 157-180
Publisher: Egyesület Közép-Európa Kutatására, Szegedi Tudományegyetem Juhász Gyula Pedagógusképző Kar
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magyarország története - 20. sz., Horthy-korszak
Additional Information: Bibliogr.: p. 177-180. ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2021. Feb. 08. 13:41
Last Modified: 2021. Feb. 08. 13:41

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