Magyar Czigányzenészek Lapja, 1908-1910 : cigányzenész önszerveződés, érdekképviselet és közélet a századfordulón

Hajnáczky Tamás: Magyar Czigányzenészek Lapja, 1908-1910 : cigányzenész önszerveződés, érdekképviselet és közélet a századfordulón. In: Aetas, (35) 1. pp. 40-54. (2020)

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The National Royal Hungarian Statistics Office recorded 274,940 Gypsy residents in Hungary, living mainly in Gypsy settlements on the margins of society. The number was based on the 1893 “Gypsy census”. This same survey reported the number of Gypsy musicians to be 16,784; their social situation was the most favourable. The Gypsy musicians often lived in towns and dispersed among the non-Gypsy populace, in fact it was not uncommon for them to have accumulated significant financial and social capital. It was in part due to the favourable social status of the defining personalities among the Gypsy musicians that made it possible for them to create an association and to start a journal. The first Gypsy musician organisation was founded in Budapest, in 1908, under the name Hungarian Gypsy Musicians’ Association. The association launched the Hungarian Gypsy Musicians’ Journal that same year. The editorial board of the Gypsy musicians’ periodical imagined a very colourful publication, one seeking to satisfy the interests of the Gypsy musicians. The journal covered a wide range of topics. Over time more and more topical columns were born in addition to a sheet music supplement. Of premier importance were accounts of the work and plans of the association, in addition to domestic and international employment opportunities. Song composition and musical competitions were announced, and reports on their progress and results were published. Poems, literary reviews, or passages from soon to be published novels appeared in the columns of the journal; the topics were mainly related to Gypsy musicality. The editors devoted a separate column just to horse racing, and one to biographies of famous first violinists. On the last pages of the issues one could find concise news of Gypsy musical society, as well as advertisements from cobblers, dentists, and instrument makers.

Item Type: Article
Other title: Hungarian Gypsy musicians’ Journal 1908-1910 : self-organisation, lobbying and social life of gypsy musicians at the turn of the century
Heading title: Tanulmányok
Journal or Publication Title: Aetas
Date: 2020
Volume: 35
Number: 1
ISSN: 0237-7934
Page Range: pp. 40-54
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cigányzene - magyar - 20. sz. eleje, Cigányprímások - magyar - 20. sz. eleje, Sajtótörténet - Magyarország - 20. sz. eleje
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.04. Arts (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music)
Date Deposited: 2021. Feb. 03. 14:50
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 21. 20:43

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