Árvaszékek működése a dualizmus korában

Homoki-Nagy Mária: Árvaszékek működése a dualizmus korában. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (10) 3. pp. 39-63. (2020)

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Abstract

Even for the feudal state, supervising underage orphans and safeguarding their wealth were important tasks. City states organised public guardian authorities which, after the edict of Maria Theresa, fell under the supervision of the Viceroy Council. After the Revolution of 1848 was crushed, during the time of neoabsolutism, dispatching a guardian for the orphans fell under the jurisdiction of the country-courts, not to mention their supervision, the verification of accounts and settling the disputes in connection to the due inheritance for the orphans within the framework of succession proceedings. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, a jurisdictional dispute arose over the cases in the matter of orphans between the legal authorities and the royal country-courts. According to long-standing traditions, it was mandatory for legal authorities to organise public guardian authorities, to elect the president and the assessors of the public guardian authorities and to prepare the regulations of the operation of the public guardian authorities. However, succession proceedings of the mass of orphans remained within the jurisdiction of the country-courts, yet the supervision of assigned guardians was still shared by the jurisdiction of the public guardian authorities and the country-courts. In everyday practices, at least according to archival sources, the conflicts that resulted from these jurisdictional disputes urged the legislators to regulate the matters in connection to wardship and guardianship in a separate act in 1877, due to the lack of a unified legal code for civil law.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The history of the public guardian authority in the civil age
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 3
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 39-63
Language: Hungarian
Related URLs: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/72687/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gyámhatóság története - Magyarország - 19. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology > 06.01.01. History > 06.01.01.07. Modern and contemporary history
Date Deposited: 2021. May. 04. 14:41
Last Modified: 2021. May. 04. 14:41
URI: http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/id/eprint/72798

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