Bibó István utóéletének első tíz éve

Révész Béla: Bibó István utóéletének első tíz éve. In: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica, (10) 4. pp. 151-175. (2020)

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Bibo’s interest in the philosophy of law, the relationship between law & power, and the political development of Central and Eastern European states was fostered by his education in Szeged University. He entered the Law Faculty of Szeged University in 1929, where he came into close contact with Ferenc Erdei. Bibó studied in Vienna in 1933–4 and Geneva in 1934– 5 on state scholarships. From July 1946 to 1950, Bibó was a professor at Szeged University. He became a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in July 1946, and from 1946 to 1949, he was a professor and later president of the Eastern European Scientific Institute. However, in 1950, he was removed from all his positions and went to work as a librarian at the University Library in Budapest. November 1956, he was appointed Minister of State in the coalition government by Imre Nagy. When the Soviets invaded to crush the rebellious government, he was the last Minister left at his post in the Hungarian Parliament building in Budapest. Rather than evacuate, he stayed in the building and wrote his famous proclamation, "For Freedom and Truth", as he awaited arrest. Bibó was arrested on 23 May 1957 and sentenced to life imprisonment on 2 August 1958 but released in the 1963 amnesty. He worked in the library of the Central Statistical Office until he retired in 1971. In 1976, he managed to have The Paralysis of the International Community of States and the Remedies for This published in London without going through the Hungarian authorities. He died in Budapest on May 10, 1979. Funeral addresses at the Óbuda Cemetery were delivered by the poet Gyula Illyés and the writer János Kenedi, at what became the first open appearance together by the various strands of the opposition. István Bibó became a role model for dissident intellectuals in the late communist era. He was one of the most important Hungarian thinker and theoretician of the 20th century. His personality and ideas connected various oppositional circles together before 1989, during the era of socialism. Following these examples, we aim to analyse the political and theoretical problems of Hungary after the death of Bibo till the beginning of the transition in 1989.

Item Type: Article
Other title: The first ten years of István Bibó's afterlife
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Universitatis Szegediensis : forum : acta juridica et politica
Date: 2020
Volume: 10
Number: 4
ISSN: 2063-2525
Page Range: pp. 151-175
Language: Hungarian, English
Place of Publication: Szeged
Related URLs:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bibó István, Társadalomtudomány - magyar - 20. sz., Politikai élet - Magyarország - 20. sz.
Additional Information: Bibliogr. a lábjegyzetekben ; összefoglalás angol nyelven
Subjects: 06. Humanities
06. Humanities > 06.01. History and archaeology
Date Deposited: 2021. May. 04. 15:51
Last Modified: 2023. Mar. 21. 22:15

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